Crash Type Manual for Bicyclists

University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center

"Approximately one out of six highway fatalities in the United States is a bicyclist or pedestrian each year. Estimates for 1995 indicate that 61,000 bicyclists were injured and 830 were killed in traffic crashes. These crashes can be classified or "typed" by their precipitating actions, predisposing factors, and characteristic populations and/or location that can be targeted for intervention.

"The information provided in the following guide is the result of a Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) research study that applied the basic National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) bicycle and pedestrian typologies to a sample of bicycle-and pedestrian-motor vehicle crashes from six States with the purpose of refining and updating the crash type distributions. Particular attention was given to roadway and locational factors in order to identify situations where engineering, educational, and/or regulatory countermeasures might be effectively implemented to reduce the frequency of the crashes.

"This informational guide should be of interest to State and local bicycle and pedestrian coordinators, transportation planners, and transportation engineers involved in safety and risk management. Other interested parties include those in education, enforcement, and the medical profession."

Filed in: Education, Crashes and Safety

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