Pedestrian& Bicycle Crash Analysis
Version 2.0 Application Manual
Research, Development, and Technology
Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101-2296
Every year, scores of pedestrians and bicyclists are killed or injured in collisions with motor vehicles, exacting a terrible toll on individuals, families, businesses, and communities throughout the country. To respond to this national problem, the transportation community continues to develop innovative approaches to enhance the capacity of State and local coordinators, planners, and engineers to address traffic fatalities and injuries. The Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT): Version 2.0 offers a dynamic and practical method for recording vital information about pedestrian and bicyclist crashes to produce diverse and useful reports. PBCAT also gives access to engineering, education, and enforcement countermeasures that represent promising procedures for mitigating crashes. The details PBCAT captures about crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists, and the resources it presents, will further efforts of agencies nationwide to identify and select appropriate practices to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety.
Michael Trentacoste, Director
Office of Safety Research and Development
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.
The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers’ names if they appear in the report are here only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.
Quality Assurance Statement
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.
|Technical Report Documentation Page|
1. Report No.
2. Government Accession No.
3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT): Version 2.0 Application Manual
5. Report Date
6. Performing Organization Code:
7. Author(s): David L. Harkey, Sean Tsai, Libby Thomas, and William W. Hunter
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address
University of North Carolina
Highway Safety Research Center
730 ML King Jr. Blvd., CB #3430
Chapel Hill, NC 27599
10. Work Unit No.
11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Safety Research and Development
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101-2296
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
User’s Manual 2001–2005
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
The PBCAT software and application manual were produced under the FHWA contract “Development, Operation and Maintenance of the Highway Safety Information System (HSIS IV)” directed by Ms. Carol Tan (COTR). LENDIS Corporation was a subcontractor and provided programming support.
In 2004, 4,641 pedestrians and 725 bicyclists were killed, accounting for 13 percent of all traffic fatalities in the United States. An additional 68,000 pedestrians and 41,000 bicyclists were reported to be injured as a result of collisions with motor vehicles. PBCAT is a software product intended to assist State and local pedestrian and bicycle coordinators, planners, and engineers in addressing pedestrian and bicyclist crash problems.
PBCAT accomplishes this goal through the development and analysis of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists. One of these details is the crash type, which describes the pre-crash actions of the parties involved. With the database developed, the software can then be used to produce reports and select countermeasures to address the problems identified. Features of PBCAT Version 2.0 include:
17. Key Words
Pedestrian crashes, bicycle crashes, crash typing, crash analysis, pedestrian countermeasures, bicycling countermeasures
18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
21. No. of Pages
From DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of form and completed page is authorized
Chapter 1. PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Chapter 2. SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
Chapter 3. GETTING STARTED: THE BASICS
Chapter 4. APPLICATION PREFERENCES
Chapter 5. FORM CREATION AND DESIGN
Chapter 6. DATA ENTRY and CRASH TYPING
Chapter 7. ANALYSIS REPORTS
Chapter 8. DATABASE OPTIONS
Chapter 9. COUNTERMEASURES
APPENDIX A: Installation Instructions
APPENDIX B: PEDESTRIAN LOCATION SCENARIOS
APPENDIX C: CRASH TYPES AND CRASH GROUPS
APPENDIX D: DATABASE STRUCTURE
APPENDIX E: DATA ENTRY FORMS
APPENDIX F: CRASH TYPING DEFINITIONS
APPENDIX G: CRASH TYPING EXAMPLES
APPENDIX H: PEDSAFE and BIKESAFE GROUPS
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Image. Extract the installation files.
2. Image. Use pull-down menus and
Figure 3. Image. Step 1.
Figure 4. Image. Step 2.
Figure 5. Image. Set default database and choose default data entry forms.
Figure 6. Image. Step 3.
7. Image. Set database options
Figure 8. Image. Create, add an existing, or remove a database.
9. Image. Search for and open a
10. Image. Enable or disable pedestrian location option and
Figure 11. Image. Add, delete, or edit fields in the database.
Figure 12. Image. Enter field name, alias, data type, field length, entry type, and default value.
Figure 13. Image. Select a field entry type.
Figure 14. Image. Edit a field.
Figure 15. Image. Set user profiles, passwords, and editing options.
Figure 16. Image. Create a new profile.
Figure 17. Image. Select a profile.
18. Image. Enter a password
Figure 19. Image. Enter a password. 19
Figure 20. Image. Set values for speed groups and choose units of measurement. 20
Figure 21. Image. Establish as few as two groups.
Figure 22. Image. Set values for pedestrian, bicyclist, and motorist age groups.
Figure 23. Image. Set values and numbers of groups for three modes.
Figure 24. Image. Create, edit, delete, and copy forms.
Figure 25. Image. Select forms for editing.
Figure 26. Image. Create a form using the New Form function.
Figure 27. Image. Create a form using the Edit Form function.
Figure 28. Image. Insert a field on a form.
29. Image. Insert text and group boxes
Figure 30. Image. Resize a box.
Figure 31. Image. Set the sequence of tabs for a new or existing form.
Figure 32. Image. Rename and save a form.
33. Image. Overwrite an
Figure 34. Image. Delete a form.
Figure 35. Image. Copy a form.
Figure 36. Image. Enter pedestrian or bicyclist crash data.
Figure 37. Image. Access the Crash Typing function.
Figure 38. Image. Save a data entry record.
Figure 39. Image. Open a new data entry form.
Figure 40. Image. Navigate to, delete, search, and browse records in a table.
Figure 41. Image. Search the database for specific records.
Figure 42. Image. Browse all records in the database.
Figure 43. Image. Preview the data form that can be printed.
Figure 44. Image. Start the crash typing process.
Figure 45. Image. Identify where the crash occurred.
Figure 46. Image. Page 1 of Florida Crash Report for example 1.
Figure 47. Image. Page 2 of Florida Crash Report for example 1.
Figure 48. Image. Page 3 of Florida Crash Report for example 1.
Figure 49. Image. Open a bicyclist crash data entry form then begin the crash typing process. 42
Figure 50. Image. Click on Intersection to indicate where crash occurred.
Figure 51. Image. Indicate where the bicyclist was initially positioned.
Figure 52. Image. Indicate travel direction of the bicyclist.
Figure 53. Image. Indicate unusual/specific circumstances.
Figure 54. Image. Indicate initial approach paths.
Figure 55. Image. Indicate maneuvers made by the parties.
56. Image. Indicate type of traffic control
Figure 57. Image. Describe the circumstances of a sign-controlled intersection crash.
58. Image. Enter crash typing data
Figure 59. Image. Page 1 of North Carolina Crash Report for example 2.
Figure 60. Image. Page 2 of North Carolina Crash Report for example 2.
Figure 61. Image. Page 3 of North Carolina Crash Report for example 2.
Figure 62. Images. Pedestrian crash data entry forms.
Figure 63. Image. Indicate where the crash occurred.
64. Image. Indicate position of
65. Image. Indicate initial direction
Figure 66. Image. Indicate the motorist maneuver.
67. Image. Indicate where the crash
Figure 68. Image. Select the scenario that illustrates the pedestrian’s movement when struck.
Figure 69. Image. Indicate no unusual circumstances.
70. Image. Indicate no unusual vehicle types
Figure 71. Image. Indicate no unusual pedestrian action.
72. Image. Describe the typical pedestrian
Figure 73. Image. Describe the circumstances of the crash.
74. Image. Describe the circumstances
Figure 75. Image. Enter crash typing data into data entry form.
Figure 76. Image. Enable group typing for bicyclist crashes.
Figure 77. Image. Open a bicyclist crash data entry form then begin the crash typing process.
Figure 78. Image. Indicate initial approach paths for bicyclist and motorist.
Figure 79. Image. Describe the circumstances of the crash in this case.
Figure 80. Image. Enter crash typing data into form.
Figure 81. Image. Select analysis options.
Figure 82. Image. Produce a list of crash types or crash groups in order of frequency.
Figure 83. Image. Produce single-variable and multivariate tables.
Figure 84. Image. Produce a single-variable table.
Figure 85. Image. Produce a graph of a single-variable table.
Figure 86. Image. Export results to Excel.
Figure 87. Image. Produce a multivariate table.
Figure 88. Image. Present results as percentages.
Figure 89. Image. Import and export data.
Figure 90. Image. Import a PBCAT Version 1.0 database.
91. Image. Select the database
Figure 92. Image. Select database and fields to be exported and choose format.
Figure 93. Image. Access the PEDSAFE and BIKESAFE Web sites.
Figure 94. Image. Access the PEDSAFE and BIKESAFE Web sites.
Figure 95. Image. View countermeasures for 12 pedestrian crash groups.
Figure 96. Image. View countermeasures for 13 bicyclist crash groups.
Figure 97. Image. View countermeasure descriptions.
Figure 98. Step 1.
Figure 99. Step 1 completed.
Figure 100. Step 2.
Figure 101. Step 2—setup file.
Figure 102. Step 3.
Figure 103. Step 4.
Figure 104. Step 5.
Figure 105. Step 6.
Figure 106. Step 7.
Figure 107. Step 8.
Figure 108. Step 9.
Figure 109. Step 9—sample installation screen.
Figure 110. Step 10.
Figure 111. Step 11.
Figure 112. Step 11—setup file.
Figure 113. Step 12.
Figure 114. Step 13.
Figure 115. Step 14.
Figure 116. Step 15.
Figure 117. Step 16.
Figure 118. Motorist traveling straight through.
Figure 119. Motorist turning right.
Figure 120. Motorist turning left.
Figure 121. Ped_All_Data_Milepost Form
Figure 122. Ped_All_Data_Refpost Form
Figure 123. Ped_All_Data_RouteName Form
Figure 124. Ped_All_Data_LinkNode Form
Figure 125. Ped_Crash_Type Form
Figure 126. Bike_All_Data_Milepost Form
Figure 127. Bike_All_Data_Refpost Form
Figure 128. Bike_All_Data_RouteName Form
Figure 129. Bike_All_Data_LinkNode Form
Figure 130. Bike_Crash_Type Form
Figure 131. Codes for North Carolina Commission Report Forms
Figure 132. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 1
Figure 133. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 2
Figure 134. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 3
Figure 135. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 4
Figure 136. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 5
Figure 137. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 6
Figure 138. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 7
Figure 139. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 8
Figure 140. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 9
Figure 141. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 10
Figure 142. Florida Crash Report—Report 1
Figure 143. Florida Crash Report—Report 2
Figure 144. Florida Crash Report—Report 3
Figure 145. Florida Crash Report—Report 4
Figure 146. Florida Crash Report—Report 5
Figure 147. Florida Crash Report—Report 6
Figure 148. Florida Crash Report—Report 7
Figure 149. Florida Crash Report—Report 8
Figure 150. Florida Crash Report—Report 9
Figure 151. Florida Crash Report—Report 10
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1. Values for Crash Typing Fields for Example 1
Table 2. Values for Crash Typing Fields for Example 2
Table 3. Values for Crash Typing Fields for Example 3
Table 4: Pedestrian Crash Types and Crash Groups
Table 5. Bicyclist Crash Types and Crash Groups
Table 6. Pedestrian Table Structure for PBCAT.MDB Database
Table 7. Bicyclist Table Structure for PBCAT.MDB Database
Table 8. Pedestrian Crash Location Definitions
Table 9. Bicyclist Crash Location Definitions
Table 10. Pedestrian Crash Type Definitions
Table 11. Pedestrian Crash Group Definitions
Table 12. Bicyclist Crash Type Definitions
Table 13. Bicyclist Crash Group Definitions
Table 14. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Pedestrian Crashes
Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes
Table 16. PEDSAFE—PBCAT Mapping
Table 17. BIKESAFE—PBCAT Mapping