Engineering Resources and Research

web Bicycle & Pedestrian Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program of the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Human and Natural Environment, promotes bicycle and pedestrian transportation accessibility, use, and safety. ...more >
document At the Frontiers of Cycling, World Transport Policy & Practice
The focus in each case study is on the wide range of integrated, mutually supporting policies and programs that are used to promote cycling. ...more >
web Accessible Rights-of-Way: A Design Guide, United States Access Board
This design guide is based on provisions in the ADA Accessibility Guidelines, which requires facilities to be designed and construceted to be readily accessible to and usable by people with diabilities. ...more >
document Bike Lanes, On-Street Parking and Business, The Clean Air Partnership
The purpose of this study is to understand and estimate the importance of on-street parking to business on Bloor Street in the Annex neighbourhood of Toronto. ...more >
document Berkeley, CA: Bicycle Boulevard Design Tools and Guidelines, City of Berkeley
This report describes the process by which Bicycle Boulevards were enhanced through the incorporation of specific tools and strategies. ...more >
document Advantages of Bike Lanes, Tucson-Pima County Bicycle Advisory Committee
This document contains a list of bike lane benefits to bicycles, drivers, and pedestrians. ...more >
document Technical Handbook of Bikeway Design, Velo Quebec
This third edition, revised and expanded, contains an impressive amount of essential information to successfully plan and create effective, efficient facilities. ...more >
document Making Walking and Cycling Safer, Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3
This document outlines programs in Germany and the Netherlands that have improved mobility through non-motorized modes of transportation. ...more >
document Interim Report to the U.S. Congress on the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program SAFETEA-LU Section 1807, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This interim report summarizes progress and initial results of the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) and the four pilot communities' participation in the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program ( ...more >
document Bike Lane Evaluation Guide, Somerville (MA) Bicycle Committee
This design guide is intended to aid with the development of bike lane design relative to the surrounding urban context. ...more >
document International Scan Summary Report on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This report presents the findings of a team of transportation officials who visited five countries in Europe to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility. ...more >
document Understanding How the Built Environment Around TTA Stops Affects Ridership, Department of City and Regional Planning, UNC-Chapel Hill
"This study determines the characteristics of urban development that related to Triangle Transit Authority (TTA) bus ridership levels in the Triangle region of North Carolina." ...more >
document Forecasting Pedestrian and Bicycle Travel Demands Using Travel Demand Model and Mode Share/Trip Length Data, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In order to forecast pedestrian and bicycle usage on the Columbia River Crossing project, agencies were able to plan for and accommodate walking and bicycling on the bridge. ...more >
document Shared Space: Safe or Dangerous?,
This paper examines the philosophy of shared space and the effects of its implementation on traffic safety. ...more >
document Sense and Nonsense About Shared Space,
This paper examines the traffic safety improvements and potential conflicts associated with shared space implementation in Germany and the Netherlands. ...more >
document Bicycle Facilities on Road Segments and Intersections of Distributor Roads, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The issue of separating bicycle facilities from motorized traffic is discussed, with both pros and cons considered. ...more >
document Lane Configuration Guide to Support Safe Bicycling and Vehicular Travel, Kentucky Department of Transportation (DOT)
This guide shows potential lane configurations that support a Complete Street concept, allowing for safe, compatible traffic conditions for automobiles and bicycles. ...more >
document Shoulder Rumble Strips and Bicyclists, New Jersey Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides a comprehensive review of existing research on the safety impacts of rumble strips to bicycles. ...more >
document New Zealand Non-Motorised User Review Procedures, Land Transport New Zealand
This process ensures that the needs of people who wish to walk, cycle or, where relevant, ride a horse, are considered when works are being planned and designed. ...more >
document The National Bicycling and Walking Study, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report draws upon all of the work completed until 1994 in outlining a plan of action to promote bicycling and walking as viable transportation options for more Americans. ...more >
document Active Transportation for America, Rails to Trails Conservancy
Investment in a more diverse transportation system - one that provides viable choices to walk and bike - will lead to a far more efficient use of transportation resources. ...more >
web Interface for Cycling Expertise, Interface for Cycling Expertise (I-CE)
Interface for cycling expertise (I-CE) is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization, founded to answer the ever-growing international demand for cycle policy expertise. ...more >
document The Truth about Lane Widths, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
What if we could narrow the lanes on a roadway without adversely impacting the operations of the roadway? This case study addresses current research on lane widths. ...more >
web Institute of Transportation Engineers Traffic Calming Library, Institute of Transportation Engineers, Federal Highway Administration
The Traffic Calming Library contains a searchable database of reports, articles and other documents related to traffic calming. In some cases the full publication is available online and in others only a source listing or abstract is available. ...more >
document Cycling for Everyone, Transportation Research Record
This paper investigates how bicycling can be promoted as a safe and feasible means of transport for everyone and for all trip purposes. ...more >
document Cycling Safety on Bikeways versus Roads, Transportation Quarterly
This article compares the relative safety of cycling on traffic-separated bike lanes and bike paths compared to cycling on roadways in mixed traffic. ...more >
document National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT)
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study. ...more >
document Bicycle Parking Guidelines, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
The Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals pulled together a task force to develop recommendations on bicycle rack selection, location and placement. ...more >
document Guide to Promoting Bicycling on Federal Lands, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides guidance to Federal land managers on how to promote bicycling. ...more >
multimedia GIS Tools for Improving Pedestrian and Bike Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This TechBrief discusses the use of GIS software to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety. ...more >
document Roundabouts: An Informational Guide, Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
The guidance supplied in this document is based on established U.S. and international practices and is supplemented by recent research. ...more >
document GIS-Based Crash Referencing and Analysis System, Federal Highway Administration
This paper summarizes efforts to develop a crash referencing and analysis system within GIS. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Data Collection in United States Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study presents methods for collection of pedestrian and bicycle data. ...more >
document Designing for Active Transportation, Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what makes a community "walkable" or "bikeable," so people can get physical activity as part of their daily routine - ...more >
multimedia Bicycle Safety Resource Guide, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Bicycle Safety Resource Guide provides a compilation of existing and proposed countermeasures that can be used by a variety of implementers to help solve a wide range of bicycle safety problems. ...more >
document Designing to Reduce Childhood Obesity, Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what environmental factors may be related to young people's eating and physical activity patterns. ...more >
document Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Overview of Methods, Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. The guidebook describes and compares the various methods that can be used to forecast non- ...more >
document Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
The FHWA University Course contains modular resource material that is intended for use in university courses on bicycle and pedestrian transportation. ...more >
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: Sources, Needs, & Gaps, USDOT and Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This review of existing data and data needs was based on outreach to user groups that included planners, advocates, and researchers at federal, state, and local government agencies, universities, and nonprofit organizations. ...more >
document Countermeasures That Work, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This guide is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) in selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas. ...more >
document A Comparative Analysis of Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document provides a comparison between Bike Lanes and Wide Curve Lanes, specifically in regards to bicycle and automobile interactions at intersections, and offers recommendations. ...more >
web Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Board
The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to promote innovation and progress in transportation through research. The site provides a wealth of documents online as well as books and journals for sale. ...more >
document Evaluation of a Combined Bicycle Lane/Right Turn Lane in Eugene, Oregon, Federal Highway Administration
Innovative, on-street bicycle treatments are now routinely being implemented. This is the third in a series of reports for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) pertaining to evaluation of these innovative bicycling treatments. ...more >
document Bicycle Compatibility Index, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research report presents a bicycle compatibility index (BCI) methodology that can be used by practitioners to evaluate the capability of specific roadways to accommodate both motorists and bicyclists. ...more >
web Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), Federal Highway Administration
The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) defines the standards used by road managers nationwide to install and maintain traffic control devices on all streets and highways. ...more >
document Characteristics of Emerging Road Users and Their Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This study identifies the operational characteristics of an increasingly diverse group of trail and other nonmotorized transportation users. ...more >
document Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
This guide provides information on the development of new facilities to enhance and encourage safe bicycle travel. Planning considerations, design and construction guidelines, and operation and maintenance recommendations are included. ...more >
document Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Supporting Documentation, Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. Supporting Documentation provides substantially more detail on the methods including purpose, ...more >
web Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV), Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
SWOV is an independent, scientific institute. SWOV's knowledge is public information and is made available to anyone who wants it, and is professionally involved in traffic and road safety in the Netherlands. ...more >
document Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This document contains both new and revised procedures for analyzing various types of exclusive and mixed-use bicycle facilities. Procedures are recommended to determine the Level of Service (LOS) for bicycle facilities based on previous domestic and international bicycle operations research conducted to date. ...more >
document Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking, Rails to Trails Conservancy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "Best Practices" report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States. ...more >
document Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the effects of pedestrians and bicyclists on the capacity of signalized intersections. These procedures augment the existing Highway Capacity Manual signalized intersection Level of Service procedures for locations with substantial pedestrian and/ ...more >
document International Synthesis Report: Sweden, Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries. ...more >
multimedia An Evaluation of 3D/4D Visualization: North & South Roosevelt Blvds. Key West, Florida, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) & Florida Department of Transportation
This CD-ROM documents the process that is involved in the use of 3D and 4D visualization technologies. ...more >
document Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design on Rural Multilane Highways, Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the effects of various cross-section-related design elements on accident frequency and developed an accident prediction model for rural, multilane, nonfreeway highways. ...more >
document The Role of Public Policies in Promoting the Safety, Convenience, and Popularity of Cycling, World Transport Policy and Practice
This article is a response to the critique by Heath Maddox that was published in the special issue on bicycling of WTPP (Volume 7, Number 3). ...more >
document Safe Kids Worldwide Global Road Safety, Safe Kids Worldwide, United Nations
This report provides information on several Safe Kids Worldwide road safety programs in different countries. Summaries describe the particular problem to be treated, the solution, the program used, and outcomes. ...more >
multimedia Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT), Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT) is a crash typing software product intended to assist state and local pedestrian/bicycle coordinators, planners and engineers with improving walking and bicycling safety through the development and analysis of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists. ...more >
document An Evaluation of Technologies for Automated Detection and Classification of Pedestrians and Bicylists, Massachusetts Highway Department & Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this research was to identify and evaluate existing automated technologies that may accurately and effeciently detect, count, and classify non-motorized modes of transportation (i.e. ...more >
document Evaluation of Safety, Design, and Operation of Shared Use Paths, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations. ...more >
document Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America, AARP
This report offers refinements to intersection design treatments recommended by the Federal Highway Administration in its Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians. ...more >
document The Effects of Bicycle Accomodations on Bicycle/Motor Vehicle Safety and Traffic Operations, Federal Highway Administration
This report discusses available research and state-of-the-practice information on wide (unmarked) curb lanes, marked bicycle lanes, shoulders used by bicyclists, and pathways and trails. ...more >
document Bicycle Boulevards, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Significant traffic growth leads Emerville, California to consider ways to create a safe throughway for bicyclists. ...more >
document Bringing Life to Transportation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
City of Tucson uses European signal systems -- PELICAN, HAWK, TOCAN, and PUFFIN -- and education program to improve pedestrian safety and fatality rate. ...more >
document Ke Ala Hele Makalae Trail, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In order to guarantee public access to the coast for current and future residents, private landowners and city officials worked together to develop a multi-use path along Kauai's southeastern shore. ...more >
document A Compendium of Available Bicycle and Pedestrian Trip Generation Data in the United States, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes the available information on modeling bicycle and pedestrian trip data. ...more >
document Bicycle Safety-Related Research Synthesis, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research synthesis is designed to summarize bicycle safety-related research and applied research since 1981 in the United States. The report updates an earlier synthesis prepared for the Federal Highway Administration in 1981. ...more >
web Complete the Streets, National Complete Streets Coalition
This site contains design guides, training materials, illustrative presentations, susccessful case studies, and further resources on creating complete streets. ...more >
document Irondequoit Lakeside Multi-Use Trail, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Lacking sidewalks through a popular park led to the construction of a new trail that minimized the impact on sensitive wetlands and provided greater transportation alternatives. ...more >
web Design Guidance Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel: A Recommended Approach, United States Department of Transportation
This policy statement adopted by the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) offers recommendations to public agencies, professional associations, advocacy groups, and others for integrating bicycling and walking into the transportation mainstream. ...more >
document Thurston Avenue Bridge Rehabilitation Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The only direct path for vehicular, pedestrian and bicycle traffic traveling between the main residence halls and the central academic campus of Cornell University was congested with high traffic volumes. ...more >
document Bikeways: State of the Art, 1974, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "State of the Art" report focuses on planning and design practices employed to date, reviews their successes and failures, outlines practices which appear to contribute to bicycle facility utility and safety, ...more >
web National Trails Training Partnership (NTTP), National Trails Training Partnership
The National Trails Training Partnership provides technical assistance and resources for trails and greenways. ...more >
document Integration of Bicycles and Transit, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Federal Transit Administration
The purpose of this report is to share information about how bicycles are integrated with public transportation by many different types of transit agencies in the United States and Canada. ...more >
document Severance Circle Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shopping mall that is unfriendly to pedestrian and bicycle use is retrofitted with sidewalks, pedestrian activated crossings, bicycle paths, and numerous other safety measures. ...more >
document Tempe Crosscut Canal Multi-Use Path, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use path in Tempe provides locally relevant public art and creates pedestrian and bicycle connections to neighborhoods and transit. ...more >
document Case Study No. 4: Measures to Overcome Impediments to Bicycling and Walking, Federal Highway Administration
This case study is designed as a resource to assist policymakers, facility planners, and public officials in developing programs to make thses modes more accessible to the general public. Findings are based on a detailed analysis of these relevant written studies, ...more >
document Pulaski County Pedestrian and Bicycle Bridge -- Murray Lock and Dam, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A pedestrian and bicycle bridge stretches over 4,000 feet in length to connect pedestrian and bicycle trails on the north and south ends of the Arkansas River. ...more >
web National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report, United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States. ...more >
document False Creek Pedestrian and Cyclist Crossings Study, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver conducts a nonmotorist study of three bridge corridors into its downtown to help adequately plan for growing facility demand for walking and bicycling. ...more >
document Transportation Planning Handbook: Chapter 16 - Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This chapter from the Transportation Planning Handbook provides standards for bicycle and pedestrian facilities, including methods to measure bicycle route suitability, travel demand simulations, LOS analysis, ...more >
document Reconfiguration of Thomas Circle, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Thomas Circle was retrofitted from a previous automobile dominated design to one that would preserve its historic character and accommodate pedestrian and bicycle traffic. ...more >
web Victoria Transport Policy Institute, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative and practical solutions to transportation problems. ...more >
web Metropolitan Transportation Commission Bicycles/Pedestrians, San Fransisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
The San Fransisco Bay Area MTC website offers information on current events, as well as a detailed planning toolbox and an engineering countermeasure database. ...more >
web Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Program works in many areas to promote safe walking and bicycling in Florida. ...more >
document ODOT Design Guidance for Roadway-based Bicycle Facilities, Office of Local Projects, Ohio Department of Transportation
This on-line document, ODOT Design Guidance for Roadway-Based Bicycle Facilities, serves as a supplement to the AASHTO Guide, and provides guidance on expectations for facilities constructed by ODOT. ...more >
document Case Study No. 11: Balancing Engineering, Education, Law Enforcement, and Encouragement, Federal Highway Administration
This report suggests a four-step process through which a community can implement a comprehensive "4-e" program to encourage non-motorized transportation. It includes suggestions for collecting basic data, ...more >
document A Guide for Reducing Collisions at Signalized Intersections, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board
This document provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions at signalized intersections. ...more >
document Case Study No. 16: A Study of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in European Countries, Federal Highway Administration
Most European nations have embarked on programs to reduce congestion, lower traffic accidents and improve the safety of cyclists and pedestrians. This paper concentrates on the ways bicycle and pedestrian facilities have been improved and cyclists and pedestrians benefited by these practices of & ...more >
document Traffic Control Devices Handbook, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This Handbook bridges the gap between the MUTCD provisions and those decisions to be made in the field on device usage and application. ...more >
document Case Study No. 18: Analyses of Successful Provincial, State, and Local Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in Canada and the United States, Federal Highway Administration
This report reviews various potential indicators of success demonstrated by different programs to determine how very different bicycle and pedestrian programs can be compared and used as an example or model for other communities. ...more >
document Case Study No. 19: Traffic Calming, Auto-Restricted Zones and Other Traffic Management Techniques - Their Effects on Bicycling and Pedestrians, Federal Highway Administration
The body of this report can be divided into three parts. The first two major sections examine the history and traffic-calming techniques installed in Europe, Japan, and the United States. The final section of the report examines the practical and policy implication of traffic calming. ...more >
document Case Study No. 20: The Effects of Environmental Design on the Amount and Type of Bicycling and Walking, Federal Highway Administration
This report focuses on the effects of environmental design on the amount and type of bicylcing and walking in downtown, spcifically. ...more >
document A Toolbox for Alleviating Traffic Congestion and Enhancing Mobility, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This document provides information on reducing congestion. ...more >
document Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Speed and Speed Management, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents a synthesis of research findings on the safety effects of speed, speed limits, enforcement, and engineering measures to manage speed. ...more >
web Bicycle/Pedestrian Trip Generation Workshop, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document is a summary of the results of a 1996 FHWA sponsored workshop to discuss trip generation. ...more >
web Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This site freely offers extensive data, statistics, and reports concerning transportation in the United States in addition to an online bookstore. ...more >
document Case Study No. 24: Current Planning Guidelines and Design Standards Being Used by State and Local Agencies for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
It is the goal of this case study to define current planning guidelines and design standards that are being used by States and localities fo the development of bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and identify state- ...more >
document Safety & Locational Criteria for Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This manual is designed to assist a designer of bicycle facilties in providing a safe and effective environment for bicyclists, pedestrians and motor vehicle operators. ...more >
document A Compendium of NHTSA's Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Safety Research Projects, 1969-2007, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This compendium describes the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research conducted by the Office of Behavioral Safety Research and its predecessor organizations during the period 1969-2007. ...more >
document Highway Route Designation Criteria for Bicycle Routes: Handbook, Federal Highway Administration
The Handbook is designed to simplify the task of selecting and designating streets and highways for bike routes. The topics covered include the definition of bike routes, the purpose(s) which affect suitability, ...more >
web NYU Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, New York University Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management
This site freely provides all the center's research publications, information on education courses and technical assistance, and updates on news and events. ...more >
web Rutgers Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center, The State University of New Jersey at Rutgers
The Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center (VTC) at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a national leader in the research and development of innovative transportation policy. ...more >
document Can New Urbanism Encourage Physical Activity?, Journal of the American Planning Association
This study compared various measures of physical activity for residents of a new urbanist neighborhood to those for a group of conventional suburban neighborhoods in central North Carolina. The full article may be purchased from the Journal of the American Planning Association or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
web Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports. ...more >
document Destination Doylestown Bike & Hike Path, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use path in Doylestown combines with traffic calming measures to provide safer pedestrian and bicycle access to multiple neighborhoods. ...more >
web University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources. ...more >
document The Padden Parkway Pedestrian/Bicycle Bridge, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use overpass installed over a major parkway in Clark County increases neighborhood connectivity and provides safe crossing for pedestrians and bicyclists. ...more >
document Linear Shared Use Path, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The linear shared use path in Piqua spans more than 10 miles and provides additional pedestrian and bicycle facilities through the use of old railroad right-of-way. ...more >
document Flexibility in Highway Design, Federal Highway Administration
Presents methods of designing facilities that are sensitive to the surrounding environment that still meet accepted design guidelines. ...more >
document Geometric Design Practices for European Roads, International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents examples of European design practice and operations. ...more >
document Implementing Bicycle Improvements at the Local Level, Federal Highway Administration, Bicycle Federation of America
Demonstrates what facility designs and operational practices can be used to enhance bicycle travel. ...more >
document Safety & Locational Criteria for Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This manual is designed to enable users to make judgements on the need for and the location and form of biyclc facilities. ...more >
document A Return on Investment Analysis of Bikes-on-Bus Programs, National Center For Transit Research, Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida
This paper looks at the return on investment for Bikes-on-Bus programs. The document includes recommendations on how transit agencies can overcome rack capacity limitations. ...more >
document Rails with Trails: Lessons Learned, Federal Highway Administration
A research report about trails located near railroad and transit rights-of-way. ...more >
document Selecting Roadway Design Treatments to Accommodate Bicycles, Federal Highway Administration
Presents a methodology for selecting the most appropriate type of on- road bicycle facility. ...more >
document Denver Bike Map, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The goal was to create an easily-maintainable, readable, user-friendly map that clearly defined the location of current bike routes, lanes, and other facilities. ...more >
document A Review of the Impacts of the Towaway Reporting Threshold on a Highway Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study reviews the potential impacts of a towaway reporting threshold on the North Carolina Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) listings and on the locations and types of crash patterns identified on collision diagrams by field engineers. ...more >
document Conflicts on Multiple Use Trails, Federal Highway Administration
Presents a series of principles for more effective operations of multi use trails. ...more >
web Traffic Calming: State of the Practice, Federal Highway Administration, Institute of Transportation Engineers
Summarizes the various methods used to either slow or divert motor vehicle traffic. ...more >
document Effective Treatments of Over and Undercrossings for Use by Bicyclists, Pedestrians, and the Handicapped, Federal Highway Administration
This study provides information about over and undercrossings directed toward planners, designers, and decision makers who are trying to best serve the needs of bicyclists, pedestrians, and the handicapped, ...more >
document An Investigation of the Potential for Pathways Shared by Pedestrians and Bicyclists, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides level of service and volume measurements in addition to measurements of conflict potential in order to determine the potential for shared pathways for bicyclists and pedestrians. ...more >
document Innovative Traffic Control: Technology and Practice in Europe, International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents the state of the art of emerging technologies for traffic control devices. ...more >
web Traffic Safety Digest, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This page highlights case studies of pedestrian and bicycle safety projects around the United States, dating between 1996 and 2003. ...more >
document Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This issue brief documents estimates of the crash reduction that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to pedestrian crashes. The crash reduction estimates are presented as Crash Reduction Factors ( ...more >
web Tool Kit for Integrating Land Use and Transportation Decision-Making, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this tool kit is to provide a user-friendly, web-based source of methods, strategies, and procedures for integrating land use and transportation planning, decision-making, and project implementation. ...more >
document Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany,
With the combination of aggregate data and case studies this paper shows how the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany have made bicycling safe anc convenient in their small and large cities. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility in Europe, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of the 2009 international scanning study was to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility. ...more >
document Evaluation of the Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacon at a Pinellas Trail Crossing in St. Petersburg, Florida, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, FDOT
This report is an evaluation of the installation of the rectangualr rapid flash beacon (RRFB) where the Pinellas Trail crosses 22nd Avenue N in St. Petersburg, Florida. ...more >
document Intermodal Transportation Planning and Development: A Closer Look at Linking Transit to Bicycling and Walking, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Using bike facility construction, regional collaboration, and encouragement, Tucson enhanced accessibility and improved intermodal connections. ...more >
document An Examination of Bicycle Counts and Speeds Associated with the Installation of Bike Lanes in St. Petersburg, Florida, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, FDOT
This report focuses on the before-after change in the amount of bicycle riding associated with the installation of bicycle lanes along two corridors in St. Petersburg, Florida. ...more >
web Surface Transportation Policy Project, Surface Transportation Policy Project
The Surface Transportation Policy Project is a diverse, nationwide coalition working to ensure safer communities and smarter transportation choices that enhance the economy, improve public health, promote social equity, ...more >
document Safety Effects of the Conversion of Rural Two-Lane Roadways to Four-Lane Roadways, Federal Highway Administration
This study develops an initial estimate of the safety effects of conversion of typical sections of two- to four-lane roads and predicts whether such effects would be similar across multiple States. ...more >
document Countermeasures That Work, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report explores highway safety strategies and countermeasures relevant to State Highway Safety Offices; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation; and provides references to research summaries and individual studies. ...more >
document Safety Effects of Using Narrow Lanes and Shoulder-Use Lanes to Increase the Capacity of Urban Freeways, Federal Highway Administration
This study analyzes the safety effects of using narrower lanes to increase the number of travel lanes in urban freeways. ...more >
multimedia What Does It Take To Get Drivers To Yield: Engineering Measures That Work, America Walks
One of the greatest challenges for many schools and neighborhoods is finding the appropriate measures to slow traffic in the areas where pedestrians cross the street. Which devices will be most effective? ...more >
document An Evaluation of Red Shoulders as a Bicycle and Pedestrian Facility, Highway Safety Research Center, Florida Department of Transportation
This study evaluates the effectiveness of red shoulder treatment on one neighborhood road in Lake County, Florida. ...more >
document Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
By analyzing pedestrian and bicyclist crash data, Metropolitan Orlando gained an understanding of safety needs and made countermeasure recommendations to correct them. ...more >
document Bicycle Access to Public Transportation: Learning from Abroad, Institute for Transportation Engineers Journal
This paper studies bicycling in Europe and concludes American communities need to consider new more cost-effective strategies to expand transit use and reduce automobile dependence. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
document Pedestrians and Bicycles, Transportation Research Board
This Transportation Research Record contains 24 papers on the subject of pedestrians and bicycles. It can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document Behavior of Bicyclist in Following, Transportation Research Board
A bicycle-following model presented in this paper represents the behavior of bicyclists as they follow each other in traffic stream without an opportunity or sufficient stimulus to overtake or pass a lead bicycle. ...more >
document Decision to Pass and Passing Maneuvers of Bicyclists, Transportation Research Board
This paper presents models to represent passing maneuvers of bicycles on both exclusive and on-street bicycle facilities. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document Estimating Bicycle Usage on a National Cycle Network, Transportation Research Board
This research estimates the economic impacts of bicycle tourist based on cycling-related expenditure associated with trips made on the national network. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
document From TIGER to Audit Instruments: Using GIS-Based Street Data to Measure Neighborhood Walkability, Transportation Research Board
This paper explores how the path network around key urban destinations can be visually and quantitatively analyzed. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document Determination of Appropriate Railing Heights for Bicyclists, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
This study summarizes the bicycle railing height guidelines and specifications used by AASHTO, state departments of transportation (DOTs), international transportation agencies, and local governments. ...more >
document Development of Boulder's Multimodal System, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Boulder has leveraged natural advantages with a significant commitment, well-designed plans, and resourceful follow-through to build a multimodal system and institutionalize the accommodation of bicycling and walking on many levels. ...more >
document Planning for the Bicycle as a Form of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
A Bikeway Systems Planning Manual for assisting public officials and bicycle enthusiast groups in designing and implementing safe and economic bikeways in the local community. ...more >
document A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This guide demonstrates how state departments of transportation (DOTs) and other transportation agencies can incorporate context sensitivity into their transportation project development work. ...more >
document Accessibility Guidebook for Outdoor Recreation and Trails, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), United States Forest Service (USFS)
This guidebook is intended to help designers and recreation professionals apply the Forest Service Outdoor Recreation Accessibility Guidelines (FSORAG) and Forest Service Trail Accessibility Guidelines ( ...more >
document State of the Art: Class I Bicycle Path Pavements, Federal Highway Administration
This report presents the state-of-the-art (at the time of writing) of Class I bicycle path pavements. ...more >
document Shared-Use Path Level of Service Calculator, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations. ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report provides a top line summary of key data results regarding the behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling. ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report provides a detailed analysis of behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling. ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report describes the methods used to conduct the interviews and analyze the data from the National Survey. ...more >
document Observational Analysis of Pedestrian, Bicyclist, and Motorist Behaviors at Roundabouts in the United States, Transportation Research Board
This paper focused on analyzing the interactions between motorists and pedestrians or bicyclists at roundabouts. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document Driver Attitudes and Behaviors at Intersections and Potential Effectiveness of Engineering Countermeasures, Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this focus group study was to identify driver attitudes and behaviors related to intersection safety and to assess the likely impacts of new or existing infrastructure-based technologies/ ...more >
document Safety and Location Criteria for Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This report is a compendium of all research activities undertaken during the Safety and Locational Criteria for Bicycle Facilities research projet. ...more >
document Guide for Curing of Portland Cement Concrete Pavements, Federal Highway Administration
This document provides guidance on details of concrete curing practice as they pertain to construction of portland cement concrete pavements. ...more >
document Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes: Operational and Safety Findings and Countermeasure Recommendations, Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents operational and safety findings and countermeasure recommendations from a comparative analysis of bicycle lanes versus wide curb lanes. ...more >
web Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center Library, Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
This page contains links to all the publications and research material developed by the Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center. ...more >
multimedia Planning and Designing Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This slide show discusses the benefits of bicycling, related legislation, design standards, roadway hazards, multi-use trail design, and additional related programs. This slide show also contains many illustrative images. ...more >
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel Demand Forcasting, Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes data collection activities performed at eight different sites in Texas urban areas. ...more >
document Evaluation of Shared-Use Facilities for Bicycles and Motor Vehicles, Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and utility of shared-use facilities in order to provide engineers and planners comprehensive results that can be used in planning and designing roadways to be shared by motorists and bicyclists. ...more >
web BIKESAFE: Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
BIKESAFE is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information, available for improving the safety and mobility of those who bicycle. It is an expert system that allows the user to select appropriate countermeasures or treatments to address specific problems. ...more >
document Changing Directions: Federal Transportation Spending in the 1990s, Surface Transportation Policy Project
In this report, the Surface Transportation Policy Project analyzes ten years of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fiscal Management Information System as well as reports from the Federal Transit Administration that track how the states have spent federal transportation dollars. ...more >
document Traffic Calming Do's and Don'ts to Encourage Bicycling, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This report discusses the role of the bicycle boulevard in a community and offers information on traffic calming measures that are both compatible and incompatible with bicycles. ...more >
web Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration website provides information on a wide variety of policy documents and national statistics. ...more >
web FHWA Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, Federal Highway Administration
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program website presents information on funding, legislation, and design standards. It also provides federal publications related to pedestrian and bicycle issues. ...more >
document Portland's Blue Bike Lanes, City of Portland Office of Transportation
The project goal is to investigate the effectiveness of colored pavement markings in reducing bicyclist-motorist conflicts at designated crossing areas. ...more >
web Turner Fairbank: Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Web site provides information on issues and research related to improving pedestrian and bicyclist (pedalcyclist) safety. ...more >
document FHWA Office of Highway Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary objective of this study was to develop safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety. ...more >
document Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
This report discusses the criteria used to evaluate highway and street designs, including the presence of bicycle and pedestrian traffic ...more >
web Office of Highway Safety Pedestrian/Bicyclist Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety
This site is designed to make it easier for the pedestrian safety practitioner and advocate to locate and acquire the most appropriate resources to meet their particular planning, design, and operation needs for pedestrian facilities. ...more >
web Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) National Transportation Library, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This online research database offers the option to search all documents classified under pedestrian, bicycles, or both. ...more >
document Logistic Model for Rating Urban Bicycle Route Safety, Transportation Research Board
This paper describes the research used to develop an objective bicycle route safety rating model based on injury severity. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document Effects of a Towaway Reporting Threshold on Crash Analysis Results, Federal Highway Administration
This paper attempts to quantify the expected effects on data analysis capabilities when different crash reporting thresholds are altered. ...more >
web U. S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), U. S. Department of Transportation
This site provides information on policies, regulations, research, grants, and more. ...more >
web American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
AASHTO's primary goal is to foster the development, operation, and maintenance of an integrated national transportation system. The site offers and extensive online bookstore. ...more >
document Enhancing America's Communities, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This guide, in its second edition, is a road map for navigating your way through the transportation enhancement process. ...more >
web American Public Works Association, American Public Works Association
The American Public Works Association is an international educational and professional association of public agencies, private sector companies, and individuals dedicated to providing high quality public works goods and services. ...more >
web American Traffic Safety Services Association, The American Traffic Safety Services Association
ATSSA's core purpose is to advance roadway safety. The site offers services and information for traffic safety product companies, including training and certification. ...more >
web Benefit-Cost Analysis of Bicycle Facilities, University of Minnesota
If your community is considering building a new bicycle facility, you can use this tool to estimate costs, the demand in terms of new cyclists, and measured economic benefits (e.g., time savings, increased livability, ...more >
document Flexible Design of New Jersey's Main Streets, The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This research finds a burgeoning national movement away from strict reliance on highway design templates and toward flexible highway design, especially in the Northeastern and Northwestern United States. ...more >
document Bikeability Checklist, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
How bikeable is your community? The Bikeability Checklist can help you find the answer. ...more >
web Data Collection and Analysis for Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This report describes how communities can collect data about bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and includes case studies from 27 communities. Future publications will include a recommended practices guide, ...more >
document Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation, International City/County Management Association
This is the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide. ...more >
document Guidelines for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities in Texas, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
An overview of the process for planning various types of bicycle and pedestrian projects is provided. ...more >
document Getting to Smart Growth: 100 More Policies for Implementation, International City/County Management Association
This guide is the fourth primer in a series written and distributed by the International City/County Management Association (ICMA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Smart Growth Network. ...more >
document Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente: 100 Políticas Para Su Implementación, International City/County Management Association
This Spanish-language guide is the fourth primer in a series created to introduce communities to the benefits of "smart growth." ...more >
document Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente, II: 100 Políticas Adicionales Para Su Implementación, International City/County Management Association
This is the Spanish-language version of the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide. ...more >
web Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format) ...more >
web Cycle Audit and Review, UK Department for Transport
Cycle Audit is a systematic process, applied to planned changes to the transport network, which is designed to ensure that opportunities to encourage cycling are considered comprehensively and that cycling conditions are not inadvertently made worse. ...more >
multimedia What is Traffic Calming?, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
This image-rich PowerPoint presentation gives a short history of the pedestrian in transportation planning, and illustrates different traffic calming strategies used in various communities. ...more >
web Hard Lessons: Causes and Consequences of Michigan's School Construction Boom, Michigan Land Use Institute
The Michigan Land Use Institute published this report to detail the problem and expose the challenges of managing growth and design. ...more >
document Special Report: Accessible Public Rights-of-Way Planning and Design for Alterations, Public Rights-of-Way Access Advisory Committee
This technical assistance publication has been developed to provide guidance in the planning and design of pedestrian improvements constructed as part of an alteration project. ...more >
web Danish Road Directorate, Danish Ministry of Transport and Energy
The mission of the Danish Road Directorate is to manage the national roads, which carry almost 30 % of the total transport volume in Denmark. The site contains crash statistics, training information, ...more >
document Evaluation of an Innovative Application of the Bike Box, Federal Highway Administration
This paper evaluates the results of a "bike box" installed at a busyintersection in Eugene, Oregon. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board, or obtained by subscribers. ...more >
web Transportation Association of Canada, Transportation Association of Canada
The Transportation Association of Canada is a national association with a mission to promote the provision of safe, secure, efficient, effective and environmentally and financially sustainable transportation services in support of Canada' ...more >
web European Network for Cycling Expertise (Velo.Info), EU Fifth Framework Programme
Velo.info is a nonprofit institute that provides expertise in creating and implementing a cycling policy. The site provides detailed information for planners and advocates on a variety of topics related to cycling, ...more >
web Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Roadway Lighting Improvements, Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This document describes ways to enhance security and pedestrian safety and comfort with roadway lighting improvements. For each pedestrian or bicycle safety tool, the site explains its function, objective, ...more >
web Institute of Transportation Engineers, Institute of Transportation Engineers
The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international educational and scientific association of transportation professionals who are responsible for meeting mobility and safety needs. ...more >
document Keeping Children Safe in Traffic, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development draws on best practices and research results to show how child casualties can be reduced. Free executive summary. $45 for full report. ...more >
document Home Zone Concepts and New Jersey, Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University
This report probes the potential for the application of the Dutch concept of woonerf, or Home Zone, for the United States, and particularly New Jersey. ...more >
document Cycling for a Few or for Everyone, World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This article reports empirical evidence that multi-faceted strategies (education, enforcement, and provision of facilities) are more effective in increasing cycling safety and raising overall cycling levels. ...more >
document Field Evaluation of Experimental "In-Street" Yield to Pedestrian Signs in Madison, Wisconsin, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of a "Yield To Pedestrians" sign in increasing driver compliance with Wisconsin's pedestrian rights laws. ...more >
web Community Toolbox, The National Park Service
The National Park Service's Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance (RTCA) program helps communities work together to improve their special places. They've produced the Community Toolbox, a set of techniques for project development and community participation. ...more >
web Roadway Connectivity, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This chapter describes how improved roadway connectivity can reduce vehicle travel. The document details how to implementation connected streets and lists benefits, costs, case studies, and their impacts on travel and equity. ...more >
document Bikeway Planning Criteria and Guidelines, Institute of Transportation and Traffic Engineering, State of California Business and Transportation Agency
Design criteria, specificationand guidelines for providing Class I and Class II bikeway facilities are presented. ...more >
document In the Dark: Seeing Bikes at Night, Access
This paper looks at the difficulty in seeing bicyclists at night and ways to improve visibility. It discusses clothing patterns, perceived speed, and ways to make bicycling at night safer. ...more >
document Intersection Level of Service, Transportation Research Board
The Florida Department of Transportation (DOT) has initiated multimodal level-of-service (LOS) methodologies, including that for the bicycle travel mode. ...more >
document Development of Bicycle Compatability Index for Rural Roads in Nebraska, Transportation Research Board
The objective of work described in this paper is to develop a rural equivalent of the Bicycle Compatability Index developed by the Federal Highway Administration. ...more >
document New Jersey: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan, Phase 2, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This plan provides clear guidance for the most effective use of Federal, State, and local resources to implement pedestrian and bicycle facilities. The stated goals and objectives are supported with proposed performance measures to determine the effectiveness and critical success factors. ...more >
document VTrans 2025: Virginia's Statewide Multimodal Long-Range Transportation Plan, Commonwealth of Virginia Secretary of Transportation
Virginia's long-range transportation plan, called VTrans2025, is a blueprint for shaping the transportation future. It establishes a commonly held vision, goals, and objectives to guide and direct decision- ...more >
document Vermont: Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Planning and Design Manual, Vermont Agency of Transportation
The manual assists agencies, organizations, and citizens with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of pedestrian facilities in the variety of settings. ...more >
document Oregon: Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, Oregon Department of Tranportation
This is one of the first plans developed to promote walking. It is in-depth and informative, addressing various aspects of pedestrian planning. ...more >
document Bicycling and Walking in North Carolina, A Long Range Transportation Plan, North Carolina Department of Transportation
The North Carolina pedestrian plan builds upon the state's long-range transportation plan, elaborating on the goals, focus areas, and programming specific to walking. ...more >
document North Carolina: Planning and Designing Local Pedestrian Facilities, North Carolina Department of Transportation
The Local Pedestrian Facilities manual provides suggestions and guidelines for local planners and traffic engineers to increase pedestrian safety and friendliness. ...more >
web Pennsylvania: Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
The Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines is one part of Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan for Pennsylvania. The design guidelines focus on best practices for sidewalks, intersections, ...more >
document District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines, District Department of Transportation
To reduce the negative impact of motor vehicle use and ensure overall safety, the District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines provide a process for involving the public in implementing traffic calming measures. ...more >
document Idaho Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan, Idaho Transportation Department
This document serves as a first step in establishing a statewide vision and comprehensive approach to pedestrian transportation planning. ...more >
document Marina, CA Pedestrian and Bicycle Master Plan, Local Government Commission
This plan contains a clear outline and discussion of goals and action strategies. It offers a comprehensive street inventory and assessment of deficiencies. ...more >
web City of Cambridge, MA Environmental and Transportation Division, City of Cambridge
The City of Cambridge's pedestrian program works to improve walking conditions in the city through engineering improvements, promotional activities, and educational project. ...more >
document Bellevue, WA: Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Plan Update, City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This is a policy-oriented document that aims to revise the 30-year plan. It presents key issues that have appeared during the implementation of pedestrian facilities, proving to be a helpful resource for localities considering such improvements. ...more >
web Oregon Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, State of Oregon
This site provides infomation for local residents in addition to a variety of resources adaptable to general users, including design guides and standard drawings. ...more >
document Chapel Hill, NC: Bicycle and Pedestrian Action Plan, Town of Chapel Hill
This is a concise, general plan that provides a foundation for future pedestrian planning. ...more >
document Seattle, WA: Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Implementation Strategy for the Central Puget Sound Region, Puget Sound Regional Council
This regional plan identifies more than 2,000 miles of needed bike lanes and oaths and pedestrian improvements around activity centers. ...more >
web Bike Plan Source Hot Topics provided by Tracy-Williams Consulting, Tracy-Williams Consulting
The Bike Plan Source page provides articles on various topics relating to designing for bicycles. ...more >
web Boulder, CO: Transportation Master Plan, City of Boulder
Pedestrian planning is fully integrated into the Boulder, CO Transportation Master Plan. The plan outlines modal split targets of 15 percent by bike and 24 percent by foot by 2020 and offers a variety of resources to transportation officials seeking to increase pedestrian travel. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Standards and Innovations in Large Central Cities, Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management at NYU Wagner
The report reviews how best to accommodate the use of bicycles and walking while ensuring safety and sufficient mobility for motor vehicles for large central cities and provides examples of best practices in various cities nationally and internationally. ...more >
document Orlando Area Bicyclist Crash Study, Metroplan Orlando
This report documents a study of 885 crashes between bicyclists and motorists in three counties in Florida, and identifies countermeasures. ...more >
document A Study of Land Use, Transportation, Air Quality, and Health (LUTAQH) in King County, WA, Lawrence Frank & Co., GeoStats, Inc, San Diego State University, University of Cincinnati
This research documents the impact of land use decisions and transportation investments and suggests strategies for allocating resources to encourage more compact, mixed use neighborhoods with more transportation choices. ...more >
document Reevaluating The Role Of Highway Expansion For Improving Urban Transportation, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report investigates claims that highway capacity expansion is a cost effective and desirable solution to urban traffic congestion problems. ...more >
web Walkable Communities Library, Walkable Communities, Inc.
This website provides a selection of resources including richly illustrated posters demostrating levels of service and treatment options, in addition to a variety of short papers, checklist, sample brochures and more, ...more >
web Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking. ...more >
web Center for Livable Communities, Local Government Commission
The Center for Livable Communities helps local governments and community leaders be proactive in their land use and transportation planning, and adopt programs and policies that lead to more livable and resource- ...more >
document Review of Guidelines and Standards for Accommodating Bicycles & Getting Bicycles Through Intersections, Rutgers' Voorhees Transportation Policy Institute
This paper provides a general overview of cycling conditions and facilities used in New Jersey and compares them with conditions and facilities used in various other places where cycling is a more common mode for general travel and commuting. ...more >
document Road Diets: Fixing the Big Roads, Walkable Communities
This paper explores the use of road diets to manage vehicular transportation. ...more >
document Bicycle Parking Solutions, New York Metropolitan Transportation Council
This guide provides information for indoor bicycle parking and the benefits of installing such facilities. ...more >
document The Influence of Traffic Calming Devices Upon Fire Vehicle Travel Times, Portland Department of Transportation
The paper presents the results of a research project conducted by the City of Portland to measure the affects of both traffic circles and speed bumps on response times for various types of fire apparatus. ...more >
document Achieving Support for Traffic Mitigation from Elected Officials and Emergency Services, City of Phoenix, Arizona, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This paper discusses techniques for achieving support from neighborhood residents, elected officials, emergency service providers, and more. Also provided is a brief introduction to Phoenix and a description of Phoenix' ...more >
document Environmental Factors Associated with Adults' Participation in Physical Activity., American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This paper provides an overview of the measures that have been used to assess environmental attributes and to review the patterns of environment-behavior associations that have thus far been identified. ...more >
web Completing the Streets for Transit, National Complete Streets Coalition, Transportation Planning Capacity Building Program
The National Complete Streets Coalition is working to fully integrate multi-modal planning practices into everyday activities at transportation planning agencies. ...more >
web Appropriate Traffic Calming Techniques for Small Iowa Communities, Shauna Hallmark
The purpose of the project was to evaluate traffic-calming treatments on the major road through small Iowa communities using either single-measure low-cost or gateway treatments. ...more >
document Streets for People: Your Guide to Winning Safer and Quieter Streets, Transportation Alternatives
Streets for Poeple is a tool kit of solutions for traffic problems around New York City, which can be applied elsewhere. The document includes information of crashes, highlights case studies, and reviews a number of traffic calming measures. ...more >
document Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Recreational Trails Program, Federal Highway Administration
This guide focuses on the basics of trail construction and maintenance, presented it in an easy-to-understand fashion, and oriented just to activities done in the field. ...more >
multimedia Bike and Pedestrian Projects: Best Practices in New Jersey and Beyond, Transportation Policy Institute
This presentation shows examples of good pedestrian and bicycle design in New Jersey. It discusses the need for pedestrian and bicycle facilities and the impact that walkable designs have on public health. ...more >
web Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Travel, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report summarizes the results of the work performed under the project Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Traffic. ...more >
document Bikeway Planning and Design, California Highway Design
This section of a design manual provides various design information for bikeway planning and design. Topics covered include facility selection, design criteria, design speeds, suface tolerances, and more. ...more >
document Blueprint for Better Biking: 40 Ways to Get There, Bicycle Transportation Alliance
This guide provides innovative solutions to substantially increase cycling in the Portland, Oregon, area. ...more >
document Trail Intersection Design Handbook, Florida Department of Transportation
This detailed handbook discusses design processes and principles of designing trail/roadway intersections. ...more >
document Traffic Calming Policy Manual, Municipality of Anchorage Traffic Department
This manual provides a toolbox of traffic calming measures, their effectiveness and some basic guidelines for their implementation. ...more >
document Estimating Cycling Demand For the Journey to Work or Study in West Edinburgh, Transportation Research Board
This study develops a method to determine the propensity to cycle and provide an estimate of cycling demand in Edinburgh, Scotland, using discrete choice models. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
web City of Boulder, CO Transportation Planning, City of Boulder
The site of the the Transportation Planning Department for the City of Boulder provides information to residents on the City plans and projects, as well as several incident reporting forms. ...more >
document Adversary Bicycle Policies and Their Impact on Urban Transporation in China, Transportation Research Board
This manuscript provides an analysis of the origins of the negative opinions and related policies after presenting a brief review of bicycle development in China. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
document Oaklyn Borough, NJ Pedestrian/Bicycle Study, Borough of Oaklyn, Camden County New Jersey
In this final report, Urbitran Associates, Inc. identifies strategies and recommendations for six locations in order to create adequate facilities for both bicyclists and pedestrians. ...more >
document Oriental Boulevard: Bicycle Lane Impacts, New York City Department of Transportation
This report provides the results of a study of traffic patterns before and after bicycle lanes were installed along a section of road in New York City. ...more >
web St. Louis Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, East-West Gateway Council of Governments
The St. Louis Bicycle and Pedestrian Program includes projects to develop a level of service map for bicyclists and a citizen advisory committee. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities in California, California Department of Transportation
The primary purpose of this document is to provide Caltrans staff with a synthesis of information on non-motorized transportation. ...more >
document Real Intersection Design, Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University, New Jersey Department of Transportation Office of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs
This report documents a workshop created to deal with poor intersection design in Ocean City. ...more >
document Bus Stop Style Guide, PPK Environment & Infrastructure
This document is a style guide for bus stops in urban areas in New South Wales. ...more >
document Collection of Cycle Concepts, Danish Road Directorate
"Collection of Cycle Concepts is part of the Danish Ministry of Transport's overall plan for promoting more and safer bicycle traffic. The purpose of the book is to present an overview, inspiration and motivation regarding bicycle traffic. ...more >