Enforcement Resources and Research

document Police Enforcement and Driving Speed, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The paper evaluates current techniques used by police to enforce speed limits, and recommends new strategies. ...more >
document Liability Aspects of Bikeways, Transportation Research Board (TRB)
This report explores the liability of public entities for bicycle accidents on bikeways as well as on streets and highways. ...more >
document The National Bicycling and Walking Study, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report draws upon all of the work completed until 1994 in outlining a plan of action to promote bicycling and walking as viable transportation options for more Americans. ...more >
document National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT)
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study. ...more >
document Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
The FHWA University Course contains modular resource material that is intended for use in university courses on bicycle and pedestrian transportation. ...more >
document Countermeasures That Work, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This guide is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) in selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas. ...more >
document Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking, Rails to Trails Conservancy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "Best Practices" report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States. ...more >
web AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
This site provides education and research material to government agencies, educational institutions, advocacy organizations, and schools. ...more >
web Active Living Network Storybank, Active Living Network
The Active Living Storybank is a searchable database of projects, programs and initiatives around the country promoting health through changes in the built environment. ...more >
multimedia An Evaluation of 3D/4D Visualization: North & South Roosevelt Blvds. Key West, Florida, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) & Florida Department of Transportation
This CD-ROM documents the process that is involved in the use of 3D and 4D visualization technologies. ...more >
document Safe Kids Worldwide Global Road Safety, Safe Kids Worldwide, United Nations
This report provides information on several Safe Kids Worldwide road safety programs in different countries. Summaries describe the particular problem to be treated, the solution, the program used, and outcomes. ...more >
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Campaign, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Burlington uses an annual pedestrian safety campaign, including education, enforcement, and engineering measures, to institutionalize pedestrian and bicycle safety in the community. ...more >
document Development of a Model Drivers License Handbook, National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This study developed a number of modules for inclusion in individual state's driver's handbooks, including a section on Sharing the Road with Bicyclists. ...more >
document Bicycle Safety-Related Research Synthesis, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research synthesis is designed to summarize bicycle safety-related research and applied research since 1981 in the United States. The report updates an earlier synthesis prepared for the Federal Highway Administration in 1981. ...more >
web National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report, United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States. ...more >
web Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Program works in many areas to promote safe walking and bicycling in Florida. ...more >
document Case Study No. 11: Balancing Engineering, Education, Law Enforcement, and Encouragement, Federal Highway Administration
This report suggests a four-step process through which a community can implement a comprehensive "4-e" program to encourage non-motorized transportation. It includes suggestions for collecting basic data, ...more >
document Case Study No. 13: A Synthesis of Existing Bicyclist and Pedestrian Related Laws and Enforcement Programs, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this project was to compile a comprehensive set of laws and ordinances which may be adapted as necessary and passed by individual governing bodies. ...more >
web Links to state bicycle laws provided by Bicycle Coalition of Massachusetts, Bicycle Coalition of Massachusetts
This page provides links to bicycle laws around the country. ...more >
document Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Speed and Speed Management, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents a synthesis of research findings on the safety effects of speed, speed limits, enforcement, and engineering measures to manage speed. ...more >
document A Compendium of NHTSA's Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Safety Research Projects, 1969-2007, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This compendium describes the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research conducted by the Office of Behavioral Safety Research and its predecessor organizations during the period 1969-2007. ...more >
web Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports. ...more >
web University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources. ...more >
web Traffic Safety Digest, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This page highlights case studies of pedestrian and bicycle safety projects around the United States, dating between 1996 and 2003. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility in Europe, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of the 2009 international scanning study was to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility. ...more >
document Countermeasures That Work, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report explores highway safety strategies and countermeasures relevant to State Highway Safety Offices; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation; and provides references to research summaries and individual studies. ...more >
document Bicycle Helmet Use Laws, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report presents the experiences of six jurisdictions in enacting and implementing bicycle helmet use laws. ...more >
document Detecting Motorcyclists and Bicyclists at Intersections, Public Roads Magazine
A new multisensor system differentiates vehicles on the road, which could save lives. ...more >
document Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility,
The report is a comprehensive and easy-to-use resource that summarizes the knowledge and practices that are relevant to human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections, speed management, ...more >
web BIKESAFE: Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
BIKESAFE is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information, available for improving the safety and mobility of those who bicycle. It is an expert system that allows the user to select appropriate countermeasures or treatments to address specific problems. ...more >
document Bicycle Safety Education Resource Center, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This Resource Center provides bicycle safety education information specific to several age groups. Resources include training materials, a Good Practices Guide, and a detailed curriculum objectives guide designed for 8 different audiences. ...more >
document FHWA Office of Highway Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists. ...more >
document Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
This report discusses the criteria used to evaluate highway and street designs, including the presence of bicycle and pedestrian traffic ...more >
document Florida Bicycle Law Enforcement Guide, Florida Bicycle Association
This document explains traffic rules governing bicycle behavior in Florida. ...more >
web Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format) ...more >
document Cycling in the Netherlands, Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
Cycling accounts for 27% of all trips in the Netherlands; a comprehensive report (in English) on cycling in the Netherlands is now available. ...more >
document What to Do if You Are Hit by a Car, Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Coalition
This document instructs bicyclists on what to do if they are hit by a vehicle. It includes a detachable 7-step checklist of actions to take immediately after a collision. ...more >
document Field Evaluation of Experimental "In-Street" Yield to Pedestrian Signs in Madison, Wisconsin, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of a "Yield To Pedestrians" sign in increasing driver compliance with Wisconsin's pedestrian rights laws. ...more >
multimedia Resource Guide on Laws Related to Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The resource guide contains a array of vehicle and traffic laws that may have the potential to affect pedestrian or bicycle safety, either positively or negatively. This guide is for anyone interested in vehicle and traffic laws and pedestrian and bicycle safety. ...more >
web Transportation Alternatives Citizens Group (New York City Area), Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives' mission is to reclaim New York City's streets from the automobile, and to advocate for bicycling, walking and public transit as the best transportation alternatives. ...more >
document Motorists, Bicyclists and Pedestrians: Sharing the Road Safely, The New York State Department of Transportation
This training supplement is provided to trainers in Driver Improvement Programs to encourage motorists, bicyclists and pedestrians to safely share the road. ...more >
document Pedal Power: A Legal Guide for Oregon Bicyclists, Bicycle Transportation Alliance
This book is a collection of information about bicyclists and the law in Oregon. ...more >
document Orlando Area Bicyclist Crash Study, Metroplan Orlando
This report documents a study of 885 crashes between bicyclists and motorists in three counties in Florida, and identifies countermeasures. ...more >
document Effect of 20 mph traffic speed zones on road injuries in London, 1986-2006: controlled interrupted time series analysis,
Study conducted to quantify the effect of the introduction of 20 mph (32 km an hour) traffic speed zones on road collisions, injuries, and fatalities in London. ...more >
web Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking. ...more >
document Share the Road: Same Roads, Same Rights, Same Rules, Texas Bicycle Coalition
This flyer informs road users of the rights given to motorists and bicyclists within the roadwa, and describes the seven basic laws in Texas regarding cyclists. ...more >
multimedia Creative Approaches for Law Enforcement to Promote Bicycle Safety Presentation, California Department of Health Services
This PowerPoint presentation provides ideas for ways to promote bicycle safety. It reports on the results of a survey conducted by the Bicycle Head Injury Prevention Program of Police and Sheriff's Departments throughout California regarding their enforcement of the new State Law during 1995. ...more >
document Improving Outdoor Bike Parking and Policy in New York City, Transportation Alternatives
This guide information on improving outdoor bike parking and policy in New York City. ...more >
web Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition,
The Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition's mission is to promote bicycling and walking in Vermont, emphasizing access, safety, and education. ...more >
web Northwestern University Traffic Institute, Northwestern University
The Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and Traffic Institute provides information on available courses, training sessions, and conferences. ...more >