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INTRODUCTION TO THE DATABASE GUIDE

This Database Guide identifies the training needs for each of the eight target audiences in the National Bicycle Safety Education Curriculum. (Refer to the Introduction document for background information on the eight target audience categories and the National Bicycle Safety Education Curriculum project in general.) A series of target audience matrices are provided below. Each target audience category contains information on the topics, sub-topics and subject areas that should be included in any training program designed for that audience. A priority of 1, 2 or 3 has been assigned to each subject area to assist the user in determining what content is critical and what could be considered optional. A subject given a priority of 1 should always be included in a training program for that audience. A subject with a 3 priority could be omitted if training time was limited.

How to Use the Matrices (Below) to Find a Resource in the Database that Meets Your Bicycle Safety Education Needs

Database entry number references are provided in brackets [ _ ] at the sub-topic level in the matrices. These bracketed numbers identify resource entry numbers in the Resource Database that pertain the subject matter for the identified target audience. If no training resources were identified for a particular sub-topic, no resource catalog references are provided.

  1. Find your target audience category in the matrix below.
  2. Find the Topic and Sub-topic columns that meet your curriculum needs.
  3. Write down the bracketed [ _ ] database resource entry numbers from the appropriate Sub-topic column (for example, [36, 55]).
  4. Link to the Resource Database from the Bicycle Safety Education Resource Center web page.
  5. Type the database resource entry number(s) in the Resource Entry Number field and click Submit.

View the database results.

 

TARGET AUDIENCE: PRESCHOOL BICYCLISTS (Under 5 years)

NOTE: For children of this age group, all riding should be closely supervised by an adult.

TARGET AUDIENCE: PRESCHOOL BICYCLISTS (Under 5 years)

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

1.1 Learning to Ride

[36, 55]

Developmental stages

 

 

Balancing

1

  • Learning to balance and control the bicycle
  • Developing skills

Pedaling

1

  • Pedaling smoothly
  • Developing skills

Riding in a straight line

1

  • Learning to ride in a straight line without wobbling
  • Developing skills

Stopping/braking

1

  • Learning to slow down and stop
  • Developing skills

Turning

1

  • Turning without falling
  • Developing skills

Riding with disabilities

3

  • Learning how people with disabilities can bike too
  • How to use special equipment and options if needed

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

[55]

Changing gears

 

 

Looking behind

 

 

Judging distance/speed

 

 

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

 

 

Dodging hazards

 

 

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

2.1 Route Selection

[36]

What makes a good route?

2

  • Where you should and should not ride and why

Sidewalks

1

  • Watching out for cars in driveways
  • Watching out for pedestrians
  • Staying away from the street

Multi-use paths and trails

1

  • Using trails to practice and have fun
  • Watching out for other bikes

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

(not applicable)

 

 

2.3 Hazards and Risks

[36, 55]

Why crashes happen

3

  • How little kids typically get hurt on their bikes

Risky behaviors

1

  • Avoiding risky behaviors
  • Things you shouldn�t do

Identifying hazards

2

  • Learning to look for things that could hurt you
  • Cars going in and out of driveways
  • Riding into the street from a driveway or sidewalk

Avoiding hazards

3

  • Staying away from cars with engines running

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

[55]

Children in traffic

 

 

Entering the roadway

1

  • Stopping at the end of a driveway
  • Stopping at the end of the sidewalk

Lane positioning

 

 

Making turns

 

 

Multi-use paths

 

 

Parking lots

 

 

Speed judgement

 

 

Getting through intersections

1

  • Crossing streets only with an adult

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

[55]

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

 

 

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

 

 

Negotiating

 

 

Making your own decision

 

 

Conspicuity

1

  • Learning that it�s hard for drivers to see kids

Courtesy on and off road

 

 

Safe passing distance

 

 

School drop-off

 

 

Anticipating what drivers might do

 

 

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

 

 

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

[36, 55]

Picking the right bike

2

  • Getting a bike that fits

Adjusting

3

  • Making sure the seat is the right height

Equipment familiarization

2

  • Using your brakes to slow and stop
  • Practicing stopping quickly and safely

Maintaining

 

 

Repairing

3

  • Getting broken equipment fixed

3.2 Essential Equipment

[36, 55]

Helmet

1

  • Why helmets are important
  • Riding with a helmet
  • Making sure a helmet fits
  • Wearing a helmet correctly

Glasses

 

 

Gloves

 

 

4.0 All About Bicycling

4.1 Transportation

[36]

Environmental impact

 

 

Parking/locking your bike

 

 

Clothing/hygiene

 

 

4.2 Recreation

[36]

Touring and group rides

 

 

Off-road riding

 

 

4.3 Health and Fitness

Family fun

3

  • Asking your parents to go riding with you

Health benefits

2

  • Bicycling is good for you

TARGET AUDIENCE: BEGINNER BICYCLISTS (5-8 years)

TARGET AUDIENCE: BEGINNER BICYCLISTS (5-8 years)

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

1.1 Learning to Ride

[7, 19 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 50, 52, 53, 57, 66]

Developmental stages

 

 

Balancing

1

  • Developing skills

Pedaling

1

  • Pedaling smoothly
  • Developing skills

Riding in a straight line

1

  • Developing skills
  • Riding straight when looking backwards

Stopping/braking

1

  • Braking safely and effectively
  • Using coaster brakes and hand brakes
  • Developing skills

Turning

1

  • Turning without falling
  • Developing skills

Riding with disabilities

3

  • Learning how people with disabilities can bike too
  • How to use special equipment and options if needed

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

[6, 7, 11, 16, 19, 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 50, 52, 53, 57, 66, 79, 80]

Changing gears

2

  • Using different kinds of shifters
  • Pedaling when shifting gears
  • Knowing when to shift gears

Looking behind

1

  • When to look behind you
  • The importance of looking behind you
  • Looking behind you AND riding straight

Judging distance/speed

1

  • Developing skills
  • Crossing the street safely

Riding with one hand

2

  • Balance and control
  • Developing skills

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

1

  • What can cause a fall
  • Recognizing roadway surface hazards

Dodging hazards

2

  • Dealing with roadway surface hazards

1.3 Advanced Riding Skills

[16, 19, 39, 47, 53, 80]

Crash avoidance/falling

2

  • How to execute emergency maneuvers
  • How to control a fall

Gear selection

2

  • Choosing and using the "right" gear
  • When to change gears

Group riding

3

  • Things to watch out for when riding with other people
  • Calling out information to riders in front and behind

Riding rules

3

  • Independent decision making
  • Riding safely with friends
  • Looking behind before changing position or turning
  • Avoiding following too close behind another bike
  • Letting people ahead know when you are going to pass them
  • Watching out for others on trails/paths (e.g., young kids, dogs, in-line skaters)

Weather

1

  • Riding on wet roads and trails
  • Riding in the winter

Windblast effect

 

 

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

2.1 Route Selection

[16, 19, 39, 40, 43, 43, 57, 80]

What makes a good route?

1

  • Learning where it�s safe to ride

Sidewalks

1

  • Riding carefully on sidewalks
  • Watching out for cars in driveways
  • Watching out for pedestrians
  • What to do at intersections

Neighborhood streets

1

  • Riding in the street
  • Developing skills
  • Riding with adults while learning
  • Avoiding hazards

Bike routes and bike lanes

2

  • What is a bike route and what isn�t
  • What is a bike lane and what isn�t
  • Using bike lanes and routes

Multi-use paths and trails

1

  • Using trails to practice riding and to have fun

Collector/arterial streets

2

  • Avoiding busy roads with fast traffic

Safe routes to school

1

  • Picking a good route to ride to school

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

[6, 7, 11, 16, 19, 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 52, 57, 79, 80]

Signs, signals, and pavement markings

1

  • Paying attention to signs, signals, and markings
  • What they mean
  • Why they�re important

Bike as a vehicle; legitimacy

2

  • Bicyclists� rights and responsibilities

Traffic laws

1

  • Why we have them
  • The most important traffic laws for beginning bicyclists

Right of way

3

  • What right of way is and how it works
  • Why right of way doesn�t always work
  • Right of way safety tips

Enforcement

2

  • Police enforcement of traffic laws for bicyclists
  • Importance of obeying the rules

Riding on the right

1

  • Dangers of riding facing cars
  • Importance of riding with traffic

2.3 Hazards and Risks

[6, 7, 11, 16, 19, 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 50, 51, 52, 57, 66, 79, 80]

Why crashes happen

2

  • How beginning riders typically get hurt on their bikes

Risky behaviors

1

  • Avoiding risky behaviors
  • Things you shouldn�t do

Identifying hazards

1

  • Learning to look for things that could hurt you

Avoiding hazards

2

  • Constant scanning
  • Paying attention to what you�re doing
  • Keeping your bike under control

Reporting hazards

3

  • Reporting hazards to adults

Impaired drivers/bicyclists

 

 

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

[6, 7, 11, 16, 19, 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 50, 51, 52, 66, 79, 80]

Children in traffic

 

 

Entering the roadway

1

  • Stopping at the end of a driveway
  • Stopping at the end of the sidewalk
  • Stopping at stop signs and red lights
  • Looking all ways, even with a green light

Lane positioning

2

  • Where do I belong?

Making turns

1

  • Riding on the right when you are going to turn right
  • Using crosswalks to make left turns

Multi-use paths

2

  • Riding in a straight line
  • Paying attention to what�s going on
  • Moving off the trail when stopped
  • Alerting others when passing

Parking lots

3

  • Dangers of parking lots
  • Avoiding parking lots

Speed judgement

1

  • Beginning riders often can�t judge how fast cars are coming
  • How to tell when it�s okay to cross the street

Getting through intersections

1

  • Problems and threats
  • Using crosswalks to go straight or turn
  • Waiting until cars stop
  • Going straight through intersections

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

[6, 7, 11, 16, 19, 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 52, 53, 57, 66, 79, 80]

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

3

  • Importance of communication

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

2

  • Using hand signals
  • Making eye contact
  • Paying attention to brake lights and turn signals
  • Waiting to see what drivers will do

Negotiating

3

  • Asking the driver if you can go

Making your own decision

1

  • What to do when a driver tells you to go ahead
  • What can happen if you don�t pay attention

Conspicuity

1

  • Why some drivers seem to have trouble "seeing" bikes
  • Making yourself more conspicuous

Courtesy on and off road

3

  • Respecting drivers, other bicyclists, and pedestrians
  • Slowing down to avoid crashes
  • Passing safely
  • Saying "thank you"

Safe passing distance

 

 

School drop-off

 

 

Anticipating what drivers might do

3

  • Expecting that some may not see you
  • Expecting that some may not stop/yield
  • Taking extra care in dangerous situations (riding on the sidewalk, the wrong way, or coming off a trail to cross a roadway)

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

 

 

2.6 Large Motor Vehicles

[19]

Buses

 

 

Trucks

 

 

RVs

 

 

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

[6, 11, 16, 19, 39, 40, 43, 47, 50, 52, 80]

Picking the right bike

2

  • How to determine the right sized bike
  • What kind of brakes should you get (coaster vs. hand brakes)

Adjusting

2

  • Making sure the seat is the right height

Equipment familiarization

2

  • Getting used to new brakes
  • Practicing stopping quickly and safely

Maintaining

3

  • Keeping your bike running smoothly and safely

Repairing

3

  • Getting problems fixed/repaired

3.2 Essential Equipment

[6, 7, 11, 16, 19, 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 50, 51, 52, 57, 80]

Helmet

1

  • Why helmets are important
  • Riding with a helmet
  • Making sure a helmet fits
  • Wearing a helmet correctly

Glasses

 

 

Gloves

3

  • Wearing bicycle gloves in case you fall

Lights

3

  • Dangers of riding at night

3.3 Accessories

6, 7, 16, 19, 44, 47, 52]

Clothing

3

  • Picking the right kind of clothes to bike in

Rain gear

3

  • Staying warm and dry

Carrying cargo

2

  • How to carry things when you are riding

Child seat/trailers

 

 

4.0 All About Bicycling

4.1 Transportation

[6, 7, 11, 16, 19, 31, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 50, 53]

Environmental impact

3

  • Benefits of riding for the environment

Parking/locking your bike

2

  • Finding good places to lock your bike
  • Using your lock

Clothing/hygiene

 

 

4.2 Recreation

[6, 11, 19, 40, 43, 43, 53]

Touring and group rides

 

 

4.3 Health and Fitness

[31, 50, 51, 52, 57]

Off-road riding

3

  • Riding on dirt trails

Racing

3

  • Different kinds of bicycle races

Multi-use trails

2

  • Good places to practice your riding

Family fun

3

  • Asking your parents to go riding with you

Health benefits

2

  • Physical activity is important to your health

TARGET AUDIENCE: YOUNG BICYCLISTS (9-12 years)

TARGET AUDIENCE: YOUNG BICYCLISTS (9-12 years)

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

1.1 Learning to Ride

[18]

Developmental stages

 

 

Balancing

3

  • Developing skills

Pedaling

3

  • Developing skills

Riding in a straight line

2

  • Developing skills

Stopping/braking

3

  • Developing skills

Turning

3

  • Developing skills

Riding with disabilities

3

  • Cycling abilities of people with disabilities
  • Special equipment and options

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

[2, 8, 13, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 42, 43, 46, 54, 58, 59, 64, 79, 80]

Changing gears

1

  • Using different kinds of shifters
  • Pedaling when shifting gears
  • Knowing when to shift gears

Looking behind

1

  • When to look behind you
  • The importance of looking behind you
  • Looking behind you AND riding straight

Judging distance/speed

1

  • Developing skills

Riding with one hand

1

  • Developing skills

Night riding

1

  • Dangers of night riding
  • Avoiding night riding
  • What to do if you�re out on your bike after dark

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

1

  • What can cause a fall
  • Recognizing roadway surface hazards

Dodging hazards

1

  • Dealing with roadway surface hazards

1.3 Advanced Riding Skills

[2, 15, 18, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 59, 80]

Crash avoidance/falling

1

  • Performing a "panic stop"
  • What to do if you fall

Gear selection

2

  • Choosing and using the "right" gear
  • When to change gears
  • Picking the right gear combination on a derailleur gear system

Group riding

2

  • Things to watch out for when riding with other people
  • Calling out information to riders in front and behind

Riding rules

2

  • Independent decision making
  • Riding safely with friends
  • Looking behind before changing position or turning
  • Avoiding following too close behind another bike
  • Letting people ahead know when you are going to pass them
  • Watching out for others on trails/paths (e.g., young kids, dogs, in-line skaters)

Weather

1

  • Riding on wet roads and trails
  • Riding in the winter

Windblast effect

2

  • The effect of large trucks and buses on balance and control
  • What to expect and what to do

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

2.1 Route Selection

[2, 18, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 80]

What makes a good route?

1

  • Assessing what kinds of roadways, conditions, traffic you can comfortably handle
  • Finding a good route

Sidewalks

2

  • Why sidewalks aren�t a good place to ride

Neighborhood streets

1

  • Anticipating typical hazards on neighborhood streets

Bike routes and bike lanes

1

  • What is a bike route and what isn�t
  • What is a bike lane and what isn�t
  • Using bike lanes and routes

Multi-use paths and trails

1

  • Opportunities and limitations of paths and trails

Collector/arterial streets

1

  • Larger roads may have more and faster vehicle traffic
  • Riding on larger roads
  • Identifying streets with bike lanes, wide curb lanes, or paved shoulders

Safe routes to school

1

  • Picking a good route to ride to school

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

[2, 8, 13, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 58, 59, 64, 79, 80]

Signs, signals, and pavement markings

1

  • Paying attention to signs, signals, and markings
  • How to respond to signs, signals, and markings

Bike as a vehicle; legitimacy

1

  • Bicyclists� rights and responsibilities
  • Comparing bicycling with driving a car

Traffic laws

1

  • The most important traffic laws for bicyclists
  • Importance of traffic law compliance in reducing crashes

Right of way

1

  • What right of way is and how it works
  • Why right of way doesn�t always work
  • Right of way safety tips
  • Managing right of way situations

Enforcement

2

  • Police enforcement of traffic laws for bicyclists and drivers
  • Importance of obeying the rules

Riding on the right

1

  • Dangers of riding facing cars
  • Importance of riding with traffic
  • Going just a short distance the wrong way

2.3 Hazards and Risks

[2, 8, 13, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 58, 59, 64, 79, 80]

Why crashes happen

2

  • How riders typically get hurt

Risky behaviors

1

  • Avoiding risky behaviors
  • Things you shouldn�t do

Identifying hazards

1

  • Learning to look for things that could hurt you

Avoiding hazards

2

  • Constant scanning
  • Paying attention to what you�re doing
  • Keeping your bike under control

Reporting hazards

3

  • Reporting hazards to the proper authorities

Impaired drivers/bicyclists

3

  • Spotting impaired drivers and bicyclists
  • Taking defensive action

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

[2, 13, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 58, 59, 64, 79, 80]

Children in traffic

 

 

Entering the roadway

2

  • Stopping and looking all ways, even with a green light

Lane positioning

1

  • Positioning on the roadway: where you should ride
  • Positioning when the lane is very narrow
  • Positioning when cars are parked along the road

Making turns

1

  • Moving to the right when you are going to turn right
  • Making left turns
  • Using crosswalks for making left turns on busy streets

Multi-use paths

2

  • Riding in a straight line
  • Paying attention to what�s going on
  • Moving off the trail when stopped
  • Alerting others when passing

Parking lots

3

  • Dangers of parking lots
  • Avoiding parking lots
  • Riding defensively if you must travel in a parking lot

Speed judgement

1

  • Developing skills

Getting through intersections

1

  • Problems and threats
  • Approaching an intersection
  • Dealing with right turn only lanes when you are going straight
  • Where to be when waiting for a green light
  • Going straight
  • Turning left or right
  • Using crosswalks to turn left

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

[2, 13, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 58, 59, 64, 79, 80]

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

2

  • Importance of communication

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

1

  • Using hand signals
  • Making eye contact
  • Paying attention to brake lights and turn signals
  • Waiting to see what drivers will do

Negotiating

2

  • Asking the driver if you can go
  • Telling the driver to go first

Making your own decision

1

  • What to do when a driver tells you to go
  • What can happen if you don�t pay attention

Conspicuity

1

  • Why some drivers seem to have trouble "seeing" bikes
  • Conditions that may make bikes less likely to be seen
  • Making yourself more conspicuous
  • How to tell if you�ve been seen
  • What to do if you haven�t been seen

Courtesy on and off road

2

  • Respecting drivers, other bicyclists, and pedestrians
  • Slowing down to avoid crashes
  • Passing safely
  • Saying "thank you"

Safe passing distance

 

 

School drop-off

 

 

Anticipating what drivers might do

2

  • Drivers may expect you to stop/yield
  • Taking extra care when riding on sidewalks, the wrong way, coming off a trail

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

3

  • Taking extra care when overtaking younger bicyclists and trail users

2.6 Large Motor Vehicles

[54, 64]

Buses

2

  • Dealing with buses: what to expect and do

Trucks

2

  • Dealing with trucks: what to expect and do

RVs

2

  • Dealing with recreational vehicles: what to expect and do

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

[2, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 59, 64, 80]

Picking the right bike

2

  • What to look for
  • Different kinds of bikes: what�s best for you?
  • Picking a good seat
  • How to determine the right sized bike
  • What kind of brakes should you get (coaster vs. hand brakes)

Adjusting

3

  • Making sure the seat is the right height

Equipment familiarization

2

  • Getting used to new brakes and shifting systems

Maintaining

2

  • Keeping your bike running smoothly and safely

Repairing

3

  • Getting problems fixed/repaired
  • How to change a flat tire

3.2 Essential Equipment

[2, 8, 13, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 58, 59, 64, 79, 80]

Helmet

1

  • Why helmets are important
  • Riding with a helmet
  • Making sure a helmet fits
  • Wearing a helmet correctly

Glasses

2

  • Wearing glasses or other eye protection

Gloves

3

  • Wearing bicycle gloves to protect hands in a fall

Lights

2

  • Avoiding riding at night
  • Dangers of riding at night
  • What to do if you are going to be riding at night

3.3 Accessories

[2, 32, 42, 46, 59, 64]

Clothing

3

  • Picking the right kind of clothes to ride in
  • Bike shoes, toe clips, clipless pedals

Rain gear

3

  • Staying warm and dry

Carrying cargo

2

  • How to carry things when you are riding

Child seat/trailers

 

 

4.0 All About Bicycling

4.1 Transportation

[2, 13, 15, 18, 32, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 54, 58, 59, 64]

Environmental impact

3

  • Environmental benefits of riding

Parking/locking your bike

1

  • Finding good places to lock your bike
  • Choosing a good lock
  • Using your lock to protect your bike

Clothing/hygiene

3

  • How to ride to school and not look like a mess all day

4.2 Recreation

[64]

Touring and group rides

3

  • What is bicycle touring?

Off-road riding

3

  • Riding on dirt trails
  • Finding places to ride off-road

Racing

3

  • Different kinds of bicycle races
  • Getting involved

Multi-use trails

2

  • Good places to practice your riding
  • Fun places to ride for people of all ages and abilities

4.3 Health and Fitness

Family fun

3

  • Asking friends and parents to go riding with you

Health benefits

2

  • Physical activity is important to your health

 

TARGET AUDIENCE: TEENAGE BICYCLISTS (13+ years)

TARGET AUDIENCE: TEENAGE BICYCLISTS (13+ years)

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

1.1 Learning to Ride

 

Developmental stages

 

 

Balancing

3

  • Developing skills

Pedaling

3

  • Developing skills

Riding in a straight line

3

  • Developing skills

Stopping/braking

3

  • Developing skills

Turning

3

  • Developing skills

Riding with disabilities

3

  • Cycling abilities of people with disabilities
  • Special equipment and options

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

[22, 35, 45, 59, 60, 65]

Changing gears

2

  • Using different kinds of shifters
  • Pedaling when shifting gears
  • Knowing when to shift gears

Looking behind

1

  • Looking behind you AND riding straight

Judging distance/speed

2

  • Developing skills

Riding with one hand

2

  • Developing skills

Night riding

1

  • Recognizing and understanding the risks
  • Planning for riding at night
  • Riding at night

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

1

  • What can cause a fall
  • Recognizing roadway surface hazards

Dodging hazards

2

  • Dealing with roadway surface hazards

1.3 Advanced Riding Skills

[3, 4, 9, 23, 38, 48, 59, 65]

Crash avoidance/falling

1

  • Performing a "panic stop"
  • What to do if you fall

Gear selection

2

  • Determining the "right" gear
  • Picking the right gear on a derailleur gear system

Group riding

2

  • Things to watch out for when riding with other people
  • Calling out information to riders in front and behind

Riding rules

2

  • Independent decision making
  • Looking behind before changing position or turning
  • Avoiding following too close behind another bike
  • Letting people ahead know when you are going to pass them
  • Watching out for others on trails/paths (e.g., young kids, dogs, in-line skaters)

Weather

2

  • Riding on wet roads and trails
  • Riding in the winter

Windblast effect

1

  • Riding near large trucks and buses
  • Maintaining balance
  • What to expect and do

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

 

2.1 Route Selection

[22, 35, 45, 60]

 

 

 

What makes a good route?

2

  • Knowing your comfort level
  • Elements of a good route

Sidewalks

3

  • Problems of sidewalk riding

Neighborhood streets

3

  • Anticipating hazards
  • Avoiding hazards

Bike routes and bike lanes

1

  • What is a bike route
  • What is a bike lane
  • Using bike lanes and bike routes
  • Riding through intersections

Multi-use paths and trails

2

  • Understanding the opportunities and limitations of multi-use paths

Collector/arterial streets

1

  • Increased motor vehicle traffic
  • High speed roads
  • Are you a good enough rider to operate on high speed high traffic roads?
  • Identifying streets with bike lanes, wide curb lanes, or paved shoulders

Safe routes to school

1

  • Picking a good route to school

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

[3, 4, 9, 22, 35, 45, 59, 60, 65]

Signs, signals, and pavement markings

2

  • Paying attention to signs, signals, and markings
  • Dealing with specific situations (e.g., yields and right turn lanes)

Bike as a vehicle; legitimacy

1

  • Comparing biking on a roadway to driving a car
  • Bicyclists� rights and responsibilities

Traffic laws

1

  • Most important traffic laws for bicyclists
  • Importance of traffic law compliance in reducing crashes

Right of way

2

  • Understanding right of way
  • Limitations of right of way rules
  • How to manage right of way situations

Enforcement

2

  • Police enforcement of traffic laws
  • Importance of compliance

Riding on the right

2

  • Dangers of riding facing cars
  • Going a short distance the wrong way

2.3 Hazards and Risks

[3, 4, 9, 22, 35, 45, 59, 60, 65]

Why crashes happen

2

  • Types of crashes
  • Crash scenarios

Risky behaviors

1

  • Avoiding risky behaviors

Identifying hazards

1

  • Learning what to look for (e.g., cars entering the roadway, obstructions, dogs, debris, etc.)

Avoiding hazards

2

  • Constant scanning
  • Paying attention
  • Keeping your bike under control

Reporting hazards

3

  • Informing authorities about hazards

Impaired drivers/bicyclists

3

  • Spotting impaired drivers and bicyclists
  • Taking defensive action
  • Bicycling while impaired

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

[3, 4, 9, 22, 35, 45, 59, 60, 65]

Children in traffic

 

 

Entering the roadway

3

 

Lane positioning

1

  • Where do I belong?
  • Positioning on the roadway
  • Positioning on narrow roads
  • Positioning near parked cars

Making turns

2

  • Positioning on the right side of the road to turn right
  • Making a left hand turn
  • Using crosswalks for making turns on busy roads

Multi-use paths

3

  • Riding in a straight line
  • Paying attention to what�s going on
  • Moving off the trail when stopped
  • Alerting others of passing

Parking lots

3

  • Dangers of parking lots
  • Riding defensively in parking lots

Speed judgement

3

  • Developing skills

Getting through intersections

2

  • Problems and threats
  • Approaching an intersection
  • Going straight next to a right turn only lane
  • Positioning when waiting for green light
  • Going straight
  • Turning right or left
  • Using crosswalks to make a left turn

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

 

[3, 4, 9, 22, 35, 45, 59, 60]

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

2

  • Importance of communication

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

1

  • Using hand signals
  • Making eye contact
  • Paying attention to brake lights and turn signals
  • Waiting to see what drivers will do

Negotiating

1

  • Asking the driver if you can go
  • Telling the driver to go first

Making your own decision

1

  • When a driver tells you to go ahead
  • Need to pay attention
  • Secondary threats

Conspicuity

1

  • Why some drivers seem to have trouble "seeing" bikes
  • Conditions that may make bicyclists less likely to be seen
  • Making yourself more conspicuous
  • How to tell if you�ve been seen
  • What to do if you haven�t

Courtesy on and off road

2

  • Respecting drivers, other bicyclists, and pedestrians
  • Passing safely
  • Saying "thank you"

Safe passing distance

 

 

School drop-off

 

 

Anticipating what drivers might do

1

  • Determining your actions
  • Educated guesses
  • Taking extra care in dangerous situations (riding on the sidewalk, the wrong way, or coming off a trail to cross a roadway)

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

2

  • Exercising special care when overtaking other bicyclists and anyone on a trail

2.6 Large Motor Vehicles

 

Buses

2

  • Dealing with buses
  • What to expect and what to do

Trucks

2

  • Dealing with trucks
  • What to expect and what to do

RVs

2

  • Dealing with recreational vehicles
  • What to expect and what to do

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

[3, 4, 9, 22, 35, 45, 59, 60, 65]

Picking the right bike

3

  • What to look for when shopping for a bike
  • How to determine the right sized bike
  • Different kinds of bikes
  • Choosing what�s best for you
  • Picking a good seat

Adjusting

3

  • Making sure the seat is the right height

Equipment familiarization

3

  • Getting used to new brakes and shifting systems

Maintaining

2

  • Keeping your bike running smoothly and safely

Repairing

3

  • Getting problems fixed/repaired
  • How to change a flat tire

3.2 Essential Equipment

[3, 4, 9, 22, 35, 45, 59, 60, 65]

Helmet

1

  • Why helmets are important
  • Riding with a helmet
  • Making sure a helmet fits
  • Wearing a helmet correctly

Glasses

2

  • Understanding the importance of eye protection

Gloves

3

  • Wearing bicycle gloves as protective gear

Lights

1

  • Dangers of riding at night
  • Equipment options for night riding

3.3 Accessories

[3, 4, 35, 45, 59, 60, 65]

Clothing

3

  • Picking the right kind of clothes
  • Bike shoes, toe clips, and clipless pedals

Rain gear

3

  • Staying warm and dry

Carrying cargo

2

  • How to carry things when you are riding

Child seat/trailers

 

  • Understanding the available options
  • Getting used to the bike handling differently

4.0 All About Bicycling

4.1 Transportation

[3, 4, 9, 22, 35, 45, 59, 60]

Environmental impact

3

  • Benefits for the environment

Parking/locking your bike

1

  • Finding good places to lock your bike
  • Choosing a good lock
  • Using your lock

Clothing/hygiene

3

  • How to ride to school/work and not look like a mess all day!

4.2 Recreation

[22, 35, 45, 65]

Touring and group rides

3

  • What is bicycle touring

Off-road riding

3

  • What is involved in riding off-road
  • Finding places to ride off-road

Racing

3

  • Different kinds of bicycle races
  • Getting involved in racing

Multi-use trails

3

  • Good places to practice your riding
  • Adjusting to the special challenges of riding multi-use trails

4.3 Health and Fitness

[22, 36, 65]

Family fun

3

  • Inviting friends and parents to go riding with you

Health benefits

2

  • The importance of regular physical activity
  • Bicycling as a life-time activity

 

TARGET AUDIENCE: ADULT BICYCLISTS

TARGET AUDIENCE: ADULT BICYCLISTS

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

1.1 Learning to Ride

[69]

Developmental stages

 

 

Balancing

3

  • Developing skills

Pedaling

2

  • Developing skills

Riding in a straight line

2

  • Developing skills

Stopping/braking

2

  • Developing skills

Turning

3

  • Developing skills

Riding with disabilities

3

  • Cycling abilities of people with disabilities
  • Special equipment and options

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

[34, 60, 71]

Changing gears

2

  • Using different kinds of shifters
  • Pedaling when shifting gears
  • Knowing when to shift gears

Looking behind

1

  • Looking behind you AND riding straight

Judging distance/speed

3

  • Developing skills

Riding with one hand

2

  • Developing skills

Night riding

1

  • Recognizing and understanding the risks
  • Planning for riding at night
  • Riding at night

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

1

  • What can cause a fall
  • Recognizing roadway surface hazards

Dodging hazards

1

  • Dealing with roadway surface hazards

1.3 Advanced Riding Skills

[5, 12, 30, 34, 71, 76]

Crash avoidance/falling

2

  • Performing a "panic stop"
  • What to do if you fall

Gear selection

2

  • Determining the "right" gear
  • Picking the right gear on a derailleur gear system

Group riding

2

  • Things to watch out for when riding with other people
  • Calling out information to riders in front and behind

Riding rules

2

  • Independent decision making
  • Looking behind before changing position or turning
  • Avoiding following too close behind another bike
  • Letting people ahead know when you are going to pass them
  • Watching out for others on trails/paths (e.g., young kids, dogs, in-line skaters)

Weather

2

  • Riding on wet roads and trails
  • Riding in the winter

Windblast effect

1

  • Riding near large trucks and buses
  • Maintaining balance
  • What to expect and do

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

 

2.1 Route Selection

[5, 34, 60, 70, 73, 75, 76]

What makes a good route?

2

  • Knowing your comfort level
  • Elements of a good route

Sidewalks

3

  • Problems of sidewalk riding

Neighborhood streets

3

  • Anticipating hazards
  • Avoiding hazards

Bike routes and bike lanes

2

  • What is a bike route
  • What is a bike lane
  • Using bike lanes and bike routes
  • Riding through intersections

Multi-use paths and trails

2

  • Understanding the opportunities and limitations of multi-use paths

Collector/arterial streets

1

  • Increased motor vehicle traffic
  • High speed roads
  • Are you a good enough rider to operate on high speed high traffic roads?
  • Identifying streets with bike lanes, wide curb lanes, or paved shoulders

Safe routes to school

 

 

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

[5, 12, 30, 33, 34, 60, 71]

Signs, signals, and pavement markings

2

  • Paying attention to signs, signals, and markings
  • Dealing with specific situations (e.g., yields and right turn lanes)

Bike as a vehicle; legitimacy

2

  • Comparing biking on a roadway to driving a car
  • Bicyclists� rights and responsibilities

Traffic laws

2

  • Most important traffic laws for bicyclists
  • Importance of traffic law compliance in reducing crashes

Right of way

3

  • Understanding right of way
  • Limitations of right of way rules
  • How to manage right of way situations

Enforcement

3

  • Police enforcement of traffic laws
  • Importance of compliance

Riding on the right

3

  • Dangers of riding facing cars
  • Going just a short way the wrong way

2.3 Hazards and Risks

[5, 12, 30, 33, 34, 60, 71, 75, 76]

Why crashes happen

2

  • Types of crashes
  • Crash scenarios

Risky behaviors

3

  • Avoiding risky behaviors

Identifying hazards

2

  • Learning what to look for (e.g., cars entering the roadway, obstructions, dogs, debris, etc.)

Avoiding hazards

3

  • Constant scanning
  • Paying attention
  • Keeping your bike under control

Reporting hazards

3

  • Informing authorities about hazards

Impaired drivers/bicyclists

2

  • Spotting impaired drivers and bicyclists
  • Taking defensive action
  • Bicycling while impaired

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

[5, 12, 30, 33, 34, 60, 71, 76]

Children in traffic

 

 

Entering the roadway

 

 

Lane positioning

1

  • Where do I belong?
  • Positioning on the roadway
  • Positioning on narrow roads
  • Positioning near parked cars

Making turns

1

  • Positioning on the right side of the road to turn right
  • Making a left hand turn
  • Using crosswalks for making turns

Multi-use paths

3

  • Riding in a straight line
  • Paying attention to what�s going on
  • Moving off the trail when stopped
  • Alerting others of passing

Parking lots

3

  • Dangers of parking lots
  • Riding defensively in parking lots

Speed judgement

3

  • Developing skills

Getting through intersections

1

  • Problems and threats
  • Approaching an intersection
  • Going straight next to a right turn only lane
  • Positioning when waiting for green light
  • Going straight
  • Turning right or left
  • Using crosswalks to make a left turn

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

[5, 34, 60, 71, 76]

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

3

  • Importance of communication

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

2

  • Using hand signals
  • Making eye contact
  • Paying attention to brake lights and turn signals
  • Waiting to see what drivers will do

Negotiating

1

  • Asking the driver if you can go
  • Telling the driver to go first

Making your own decision

2

  • When a driver tells you to go ahead
  • Need to pay attention
  • Secondary threats

Conspicuity

1

  • Why some drivers seem to have trouble "seeing" bikes
  • Conditions that may make bicyclists less likely to be seen
  • Making yourself more conspicuous
  • How to tell if you�ve been seen
  • What to do if you haven�t

Courtesy on and off road

2

  • Respecting drivers, other bicyclists, and pedestrians
  • Passing safely
  • Saying "thank you"

Safe passing distance

 

 

School drop-off

 

 

Anticipating what drivers might do

1

  • Determining your actions
  • Educated guesses
  • Taking extra care in dangerous situations (riding on the sidewalk, the wrong way, or coming off a trail to cross a roadway)

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

2

  • Exercising special care when overtaking other bicyclists and anyone on a trail

2.6 Large Motor Vehicles

[5]

Buses

2

  • Dealing with buses
  • What to expect and what to do

Trucks

2

  • Dealing with trucks
  • What to expect and what to do

RVs

2

  • Dealing with recreational vehicles
  • What to expect and what to do

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

[5, 12, 34, 60, 70, 72]

Picking the right bike

3

  • What to look for when shopping for a bike
  • How to determine the right sized bike
  • Different kinds of bikes
  • Choosing what�s best for you
  • Picking a good seat

Adjusting

2

  • Making sure the seat is the right height

Equipment familiarization

3

  • Getting used to new brakes and shifting systems

Maintaining

2

  • Keeping your bike running smoothly and safely

Repairing

3

  • Getting problems fixed/repaired
  • How to change a flat tire

3.2 Essential Equipment

[5, 30, 34, 60, 70, 72, 75]

Helmet

1

  • Why helmets are important
  • Riding with a helmet
  • Making sure a helmet fits
  • Wearing a helmet correctly

Glasses

2

  • Understanding the importance of eye protection

Gloves

3

  • Wearing bicycle gloves as protective gear

Lights

1

  • Dangers of riding at night
  • Equipment options for night riding

3.3 Accessories

[5, 34, 60, 70, 72, 75, 76]

Clothing

3

  • Picking the right kind of clothes
  • Bike shoes, toe clips, and clipless pedals

Rain gear

3

  • Staying warm and dry

Carrying cargo

2

  • How to carry things when you are riding

Child seat/trailers

2

  • Understanding the available options
  • Getting used to the bike handling differently

4.0 All About Bicycling

4.1 Transportation

[5, 12, 30, 33, 34, 60, 71, 76]

Environmental impact

3

  • Benefits for the environment

Parking/locking your bike

1

  • Finding good places to lock your bike
  • Choosing a good lock
  • Using your lock

Clothing/hygiene

3

  • How to ride to work and not look like a mess all day!

4.2 Recreation

[12, 33, 73, 75]

Touring and group rides

3

  • What is bicycle touring
  • Benefits of touring

Off-road riding

3

  • What is involved in riding off-road
  • Finding places to ride off-road

Racing

3

  • Different kinds of bicycle races
  • Getting involved in racing

Multi-use trails

2

  • Good places to practice your riding
  • Adjusting to the special challenges of riding multi-use trails

4.3 Health and Fitness

[12, 33, 70, 73, 74]

Family fun

3

  • Riding with your spouse, children, friends

Health benefits

2

  • The importance of regular physical activity
  • Bicycling as a life-time activity

TARGET AUDIENCE: SENIOR BICYCLISTS

TARGET AUDIENCE: SENIOR BICYCLISTS

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

 

1.1 Learning to Ride

 

Developmental stages

 

 

Balancing

2

  • Understanding the causes of falls
  • Developing skills

Pedaling

3

  • Where to put your feet on the pedals
  • Pedaling smoothly
  • Developing skills

Riding in a straight line

1

  • Developing skills

Stopping/braking

1

  • Developing skills

Turning

2

  • Developing skills

Riding with disabilities

3

  • Cycling abilities of people with disabilities
  • Special equipment and options

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

 

Changing gears

2

  • Using different kinds of shifters
  • Shifting gears to make pedaling easier

Looking behind

1

  • Importance of looking behind you
  • Using mirrors
  • Riding straight while looking behind

Judging distance/speed

1

  • Making sure you have enough time to cross the street
  • Developing skills

Riding with one hand

2

  • Maintaining control while giving hand signals
  • Developing skills

Night riding

3

  • Recognizing and understanding the risks
  • What to do if you are on your bike after dark

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

1

  • What can cause a fall
  • Recognizing roadway surface hazards

Dodging hazards

3

  • Dealing with roadway surface hazards

1.3 Advanced Riding Skills

 

Crash avoidance/falling

2

  • Performing a "panic stop"
  • Learning to fall
  • What to do if you fall

Gear selection

2

  • Determining the "right" gear
  • Picking the right gear on a derailleur gear system

Group riding

2

  • Things to watch out for when riding with other people
  • Calling out information to riders in front and behind

Riding rules

2

  • Independent decision making
  • Looking behind before changing position or turning
  • Avoiding following too close behind another bike
  • Letting people ahead know when you are going to pass them
  • Watching out for others on trails/paths (e.g., young kids, dogs, in-line skaters)

Weather

2

  • Riding on wet roads and trails
  • Increased braking time on wet roads
  • Riding in the winter

Windblast effect

3

  • Riding near large trucks and buses
  • Maintaining balance
  • What to expect and do

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

 

2.1 Route Selection

 

What makes a good route?

1

  • Knowing your comfort level
  • Elements of a good route

Sidewalks

1

  • Problems of sidewalk riding
  • Special precautions for sidewalk riding

Neighborhood streets

2

  • Anticipating hazards
  • Avoiding hazards

Bike routes and bike lanes

2

  • What is a bike route
  • What is a bike lane
  • Determining if bike lanes and bike routes are good routes for you
  • Riding through intersections

Multi-use paths and trails

2

  • Understanding the opportunities and limitations of multi-use paths

Collector/arterial streets

2

  • Increased motor vehicle traffic
  • High speed roads
  • Are you a good enough rider to operate on high speed high traffic roads?
  • Identifying streets with bike lanes, wide curb lanes, or paved shoulders

Safe routes to school

 

 

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

Signs, signals, and pavement markings

3

  • Paying attention to signs, signals, and markings
  • Dealing with specific situations (e.g., yields and right turn lanes)

Bike as a vehicle; legitimacy

3

  • Comparing biking on a roadway to driving a car
  • Bicyclists� rights and responsibilities

Traffic laws

3

  • Most important traffic laws for bicyclists
  • Importance of traffic law compliance in reducing crashes

Right of way

3

  • Understanding right of way
  • Limitations of right of way rules
  • How to manage right of way situations

Enforcement

3

  • Police enforcement of traffic laws
  • Importance of compliance
  • Maintaining a defensive riding attitude even when law is in your favor

Riding on the right

3

  • Dangers of riding facing cars
  • Going just a short way the wrong way

2.3 Hazards and Risks

Why crashes happen

3

  • Types of crashes
  • Crash scenarios

Risky behaviors

2

  • Avoiding risky behaviors

Identifying hazards

2

  • Learning what to look for (e.g., cars entering the roadway, obstructions, dogs, debris, etc.)

Avoiding hazards

3

  • Constant scanning
  • Paying attention
  • Keeping your bike under control

Reporting hazards

3

  • Informing authorities about hazards

Impaired drivers/bicyclists

3

  • Spotting impaired drivers and bicyclists
  • Taking defensive action
  • Bicycling while impaired

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

Children in traffic

 

 

Entering the roadway

 

 

Lane positioning

2

  • Where do I belong?
  • Positioning on the roadway
  • Positioning on narrow roads
  • Positioning near parked cars

Making turns

1

  • Positioning on the right side of the road to turn right
  • Making a left hand turn
  • Using crosswalks for making turns on busy roads

Multi-use paths

2

  • Riding in a straight line
  • Paying attention to what�s going on
  • Moving off the trail when stopped
  • Alerting others of passing

Parking lots

3

  • Dangers of parking lots
  • Riding defensively in parking lots

Speed judgement

1

  • Developing skills

Getting through intersections

1

  • Problems and threats
  • Approaching an intersection
  • Going straight next to a right turn only lane
  • Positioning when waiting for green light
  • Going straight
  • Turning right or left
  • Using crosswalks to make a left turn

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

 

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

3

  • Importance of communication

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

2

  • Using hand signals
  • Making eye contact
  • Paying attention to brake lights and turn signals
  • Waiting to see what drivers will do

Negotiating

2

  • Asking the driver if you can go
  • Telling the driver to go first

Making your own decision

2

  • When a driver tells you to go ahead
  • Need to pay attention
  • Secondary threats

Conspicuity

1

  • Why some drivers seem to have trouble "seeing" bikes
  • Conditions that may make bicyclists less likely to be seen
  • Making yourself more conspicuous
  • How to tell if you�ve been seen
  • What to do if you haven�t

Courtesy on and off road

3

  • Respecting drivers, other bicyclists, and pedestrians
  • Passing safely
  • Saying "thank you"

Safe passing distance

 

 

School drop-off

 

 

Anticipating what drivers might do

2

  • Drivers may or may not be looking for you or stop/yield
  • Taking extra care in dangerous situations (riding on the sidewalk, the wrong way, or coming off a trail to cross a roadway)

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

3

  • Exercising special care when overtaking other bicyclists and anyone on a trail

2.6 Large Motor Vehicles

Buses

2

  • Dealing with buses
  • What to expect and what to do

Trucks

2

  • Dealing with trucks
  • What to expect and what to do

RVs

2

  • Dealing with recreational vehicles
  • What to expect and what to do

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

Picking the right bike

2

  • What to look for when shopping for a bike
  • How to determine the right sized bike
  • Different kinds of bikes
  • Choosing what�s best for you
  • Picking a good seat

Adjusting

2

  • Making sure the seat is the right height

Equipment familiarization

3

  • Getting used to new brakes and shifting systems

Maintaining

2

  • Keeping your bike running smoothly and safely

Repairing

3

  • Getting problems fixed/repaired
  • How to change a flat tire

3.2 Essential Equipment

 

Helmet

1

  • Why helmets are important
  • Riding with a helmet
  • Making sure a helmet fits
  • Wearing a helmet correctly

Glasses

2

  • Understanding the importance of eye protection

Gloves

3

  • Wearing bicycle gloves as protective gear

Lights

2

  • Dangers of riding at night
  • Equipment options for night riding

3.3 Accessories

Clothing

3

  • Picking the right kind of clothes
  • Bike shoes, toe clips, and clipless pedals

Rain gear

3

  • Staying warm and dry

Carrying cargo

3

  • How to carry things when you are riding

Child seat/trailers

3

  • Understanding the available options
  • Getting used to the bike handling differently

4.0 All About Bicycling

4.1 Transportation

Environmental impact

3

  • Benefits for the environment

Parking/locking your bike

2

  • Finding good places to lock your bike
  • Choosing a good lock
  • Using your lock

Clothing/hygiene

 

  • How to ride to work and not look like a mess all day!

4.2 Recreation

Touring and group rides

3

  • What is bicycle touring
  • Benefits of touring

Off-road riding

3

  • What is involved in riding off-road
  • Finding places to ride off-road

Racing

3

  • Different kinds of bicycle races
  • Getting involved in racing

Multi-use trails

2

  • Good places to practice your riding
  • Adjusting to the special challenges of riding multi-use trails

4.3 Health and Fitness

Family fun

3

  • Riding with your spouse, children, grandchildren, friends

Health benefits

2

  • The importance of regular physical activity
  • Bicycling as a life-time activity

TARGET AUDIENCE: ADULTS TEACHING PRESCHOOL AND BEGINNER BICYCLISTS

TARGET AUDIENCE: ADULTS TEACHING PRESCHOOL AND BEGINNER BICYCLISTS

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

1.1 Learning to Ride

[1, 10, 14, 17, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48, 77]

Developmental stages

1

  • Limits of children�s abilities to deal with traffic
  • What kids understand and can handle at different ages
  • Adjusting expectations to the limitations of children

Balancing

1

  • Teaching balance
  • Developing skills

Pedaling

2

  • Teaching pedaling
  • Developing skills

Riding in a straight line

1

  • Teaching how to ride straight
  • Developing skills

Stopping/braking

1

  • Teaching how to use brakes
  • Developing skills

Turning

3

  • Teaching how to make turns
  • Preventing falls
  • Developing skills

Riding with disabilities

 

  • Teaching children with disabilities to ride and enjoy riding a bicycle
  • Special equipment and options

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

[1, 10, 14, 17, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48, 61, 78]

Changing gears

 

 

Looking behind

1

  • Teaching the importance of looking behind
  • Developing skills

Judging distance/speed

1

  • How and when children develop the ability to perform this task

Riding with one hand

 

 

Night riding

1

  • Discouraging young children from riding at night

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

 

 

Dodging hazards

 

 

1.3 Advanced Riding Skills

[17, 21, 48]

Crash avoidance/falling

 

 

Gear selection

 

 

Group riding

 

 

Riding rules

 

 

Weather

 

 

Windblast effect

 

 

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

 

 

2.1 Route Selection

[1, 14, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48, 78]

What makes a good route?

1

  • Determining where to let children ride and not ride

Sidewalks

1

  • Understanding and dealing with sidewalk riding
  • Teaching the hazards of sidewalk riding

Neighborhood streets

1

  • Teaching children to ride in the street; when and how
  • How to ride with a child learning to ride on the road

Bike routes and bike lanes

 

 

Multi-use paths and trails

1

  • Practicing riding with new young riders

Collector/arterial streets

 

 

Safe routes to school

1

  • Picking a good route for children to ride to school
  • Teaching children to deal with hazards on the way to school

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

[10, 14, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48, 61, 78]

Signs, signals, and pavement markings

1

  • Explaining what signs, signals, and markings mean
  • Why they are important

Bike as a vehicle; legitimacy

2

  • Teaching children to take bicycling seriously

Traffic laws

1

  • Explaining why we have traffic laws
  • The most important traffic laws for a beginning bicyclist

Right of way

3

  • Why cars may not stop

Enforcement

3

  • Police may stop bicyclists who aren�t following the rules
  • Importance of obeying the rules

Riding on the right

1

  • Riding where cars expect bikes to be
  • When and how to go just a short way the wrong way

2.3 Hazards and Risks

[1, 10, 14, 17, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48, 61, 78]

Why crashes happen

2

  • How beginning riders typically get hurt

Risky behaviors

1

  • Kinds of things that can hurt kids on bikes (e.g., going too fast, turning without looking back)

Identifying hazards

2

  • Kinds of things that contribute to crashes

Avoiding hazards

3

  • Scanning all the time
  • Paying attention to what you are doing
  • Keeping your bike under control

Reporting hazards

2

  • Reporting hazards to the proper authorities

Impaired drivers/bicyclists

 

 

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

[1, 10, 14, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48, 61, 78]

Children in traffic

 

 

Entering the roadway

1

  • Stopping at the end of the driveway, at the end of the sidewalk, at stop signs and at red lights.
  • Looking all ways, even with a green light

Lane positioning

2

  • Where to position yourself on the road

Making turns

1

  • Staying on the right side of the road when you are going to turn right
  • Making a left turn by using crosswalks

Multi-use paths

2

  • Riding in a straight line
  • Paying attention to what�s going on
  • Moving off the trail when you stop

Parking lots

3

  • Staying out of parking lots

Speed judgement

1

  • Preschool and beginning riders cannot tell how fast cars are coming
  • Teaching very young bicyclists how to cross the street or make a turn

Getting through intersections

1

  • Using the crosswalks
  • Waiting until cars stop

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

[10, 14, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48, 61, 78]

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

3

  • Explaining the importance of communicating with drivers

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

2

  • Using hand signals
  • Waiting to make sure what drivers are going to do

Negotiating

3

  • Asking drivers if it�s okay to go

Making your own decision

1

  • What to do when a driver says it�s okay to go
  • What can happen if you don�t pay attention

Conspicuity

1

  • Why some drivers have trouble seeing bikes
  • What can be done to make bicyclists more conspicuous

Courtesy on and off road

3

  • Slowing down to avoid crashes
  • Saying "thank you"

Safe passing distance

 

 

School drop-off

 

 

Anticipating what drivers might do

3

  • Explaining that drivers may not be looking for bikes
  • Explaining that drivers won�t always stop/yield
  • Being extra careful when you are on the sidewalk, riding the wrong way, or coming off a trail

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

 

 

2.6 Large Motor Vehicles

Buses

 

 

Trucks

 

 

RVs

 

 

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

[1, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 48, 77]

Picking the right bike

1

  • Getting a bike that is the right size
  • Getting the right kind of brakes (coaster vs. hand brakes)

Adjusting

2

  • Making sure the seat is the right height

Equipment familiarization

2

  • Using the brakes to stop quickly and safely

Maintaining

2

  • Paying attention to keep a bike running smoothly and safely

Repairing

3

  • Getting it fixed right away if it�s broken

3.2 Essential Equipment

[1, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 48, 61, 77, 78]

Helmet

1

  • Why helmets are important
  • Riding with a helmet
  • Making sure the helmet fits
  • Wearing the helmet correctly

Glasses

 

 

Gloves

3

  • Wearing bicycle gloves in case you fall

Lights

3

  • Avoiding riding at night

3.3 Accessories

[48]

Clothing

3

  • Picking the right kind of clothes to ride in

Rain gear

3

  • Staying warm and dry

Carrying cargo

3

  • How to carry things when you are riding

Child seat/trailers

 

 

4.0 All About Bicycling

 

4.1 Transportation

[1, 10, 14, 17, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 48]

Environmental impact

3

  • Riding a bike is good for the environment

Parking/locking your bike

2

  • Making sure you keep your bike by locking it up

Clothing/hygiene

4.2 Recreation

[10, 17, 21, 24, 25, 26, 48]

Touring and group rides

 

 

Off-road riding

3

  • Riding on a dirt trail

Racing

3

  • Learning about the different kinds of bicycle races

Multi-use trails

2

  • Things to keep in mind when riding on a trail

4.3 Health and Fitness

[17, 21, 48]

Family fun

3

  • Encouraging children to ask parents or friends to ride with them

Health benefits

2

  • The importance of regular physical activity

TARGET AUDIENCE: MOTORISTS

TARGET AUDIENCE: MOTORISTS

TOPIC

SUBTOPIC

[Database Entry Number]

SUBJECT

Priority

CONTENT OBJECTIVES

1.0 Riding Skills

1.1 Learning to Ride

Developmental stages

1

  • Limits of children�s abilities to deal with traffic
  • Children are not small adults
  • Adjusting expectations to the limitations of children

Balancing

 

 

Pedaling

 

 

Riding in a straight line

 

 

Stopping/braking

 

 

Turning

 

 

Riding with disabilities

 

 

1.2 Basic Riding Skills

Changing gears

 

 

Looking behind

 

 

Judging distance/speed

1

  • Children under the age of 10 generally cannot judge motor vehicle speeds
  • Making allowances for children near the road and reducing speed

Riding with one hand

 

 

Night riding

1

  • Bicyclists are more difficult to see at night
  • What motor vehicle operators must do to detect bicyclists on the road

Recognizing hazards on the road surface

 

 

Dodging hazards

 

 

1.3 Advanced Riding Skills

Crash avoidance/falling

 

 

Gear selection

 

 

Group riding

2

  • How to pass groups of bicyclists

Riding rules

 

 

Weather

1

  • Weather and lighting conditions can impair a motor vehicle operator�s ability to see what�s on the road
  • Making appropriate adjustments for snow, ice, sun glare, dirty windshields

Windblast effect

2

  • Effect of large motor vehicles on bicyclists� control and balance
  • How to lessen the effect by moving over or slowing down

2.0 On-Road/Traffic Knowledge/Skills

 

2.1 Route Selection

[63]

What makes a good route?

 

 

Sidewalks

1

  • Watching for children on sidewalks when entering and exiting driveways
  • Watching for children riding out from driveways
  • Watching for bicyclists and pedestrians on sidewalks, especially coming from the right hand side at intersections

Neighborhood streets

1

  • Watching and slowing for children riding and playing on neighborhood streets

Bike routes and bike lanes

2

  • How to operate in the presence of bike lanes

Multi-use paths and trails

2

  • Why some bicyclists prefer to ride on the roadway even when there is a train/path nearby
  • Paying extra attention where trails intersect with roads

Collector/arterial streets

1

  • Why bicyclists ride on busy streets

Safe routes to school

1

  • Paying special attention around school zones
  • Slowing down near and around schools in morning and afternoon

2.2 Rules of the Road, Traffic Law, and Responsibilities

[49, 56, 63, 80, 81, 82]

Signs, signals, and pavement markings

1

  • Bicyclists count on motor vehicle operators to obey signs and signals
  • Anticipating that bicyclists may disobey signs, signals, and markings

Bike as a vehicle; legitimacy

1

  • Bicycles are defined or treated as vehicles
  • Bicyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as motor vehicle operators

Traffic laws

1

  • Most crashes involve one or more violations of the traffic laws
  • Complying with the law enhances safety for all users

Right of way

1

  • What right of way rules are and how they are supposed to work
  • Why right of way rules don�t always work
  • What to do to avoid problems

Enforcement

2

  • Police can and should stop bicyclists and drivers who aren�t complying with traffic laws
  • Importance of obeying traffic laws

Riding on the right

1

  • Wrong-way riding is a significant factor in bicycle crashes
  • Be alert for the possibility of wrong-way riders, especially at intersections

2.3 Hazards and Risks

[49, 56, 63, 80, 81, 82]

Why crashes happen

1

  • What typically causes motor vehicles and bicycles to crash

Risky behaviors

2

  • Learning what motor vehicle operators do that contributes to bicycle crashes

Identifying hazards

2

  • Understanding sight distance problems
  • Learning to identify things that might cause a bicyclist to move to the left

Avoiding hazards

3

  • Slowing when a potential hazard exists

Reporting hazards

3

  • Reporting hazards to proper authorities
  • Informing bicyclists of hazards

Impaired drivers/bicyclists

1

  • DWI is a major contributing factor to motor vehicle/bicycle crashes
  • Learning to recognize and adjust for impaired bicyclists

2.4 Traffic Operations and Intersections

[49, 63, 80, 81, 82]

Children in traffic

1

  • Adjusting for children on or near the roadway
  • Accepting responsibility for ensuring safety for children on bicycles

Entering the roadway

1

  • Watching for children riding out of driveways and off the end of sidewalks
  • Learning to always look to the right (and left) at intersections before turning

Lane positioning

1

  • Respecting bicyclists as operators of vehicles
  • Sharing the road

Making turns

2

  • Looking for bicyclists when preparing to make a turn

Multi-use paths

2

  • Paying extra attention to bicyclists at intersections with trails/paths

Parking lots

2

  • Paying attention to the possible presence of bicycles in parking lots

Speed judgement

1

  • Young children cannot judge how fast cars are coming
  • Some senior bicyclists may need more time to cross a street

Getting through intersections

1

  • Being alert for bicyclists in intersections when the signal changes (they may need additional time to clear the intersection)

2.5 Communications and Sharing the Road

[49, 56, 63, 80, 81, 82]

How drivers and bicyclists know what to do

2

  • The importance of communicating with bicyclists

How drivers and bicyclists can communicate with each other

1

  • Looking for and understanding hand signals
  • Making eye contact
  • Using turn signals
  • Waiting to make sure what the bicyclist is going to do

Negotiating

2

  • Yielding to a bicyclist as if they were another motor vehicle
  • Being careful about waving a bicyclist across, especially on a multi-lane roadway

Making your own decision

 

 

Conspicuity

1

  • Training yourself to always look for bicycles

Courtesy on and off road

1

  • Bicyclists are no more or less likely to obey traffic laws than motorists
  • Treating bicyclists with courtesy will help improve conditions for everyone

Safe passing distance

1

  • How to judge the appropriate passing distance and possible need to slow

School drop-off

1

  • Bicycling to school with your child/children
  • Driving slowly near or around schools in the morning or afternoon
  • Paying close attention to the presence of children riding or walking to school

Anticipating what drivers might do

 

 

Anticipating what bicyclists might do

2

  • Riding a bike to develop a better sense for what it feels like to share the road with motor vehicles
  • Paying attention to bicyclists on the road and learning to anticipate what they might do

2.6 Large Motor Vehicles

[49, 82]

Buses

1

  • The impact of buses on bicyclists and how best to compensate/adjust

Trucks

2

  • The impact of trucks on bicyclists and how best to compensate/adjust

RVs

2

  • The impact of recreational vehicles on bicyclists and how best to compensate/adjust

3.0 Equipment

3.1 About Your Bike

Picking the right bike

 

 

Adjusting

 

 

Equipment familiarization

 

 

Maintaining

 

 

Repairing

 

 

3.2 Essential Equipment

Helmet

 

 

Glasses

 

 

Gloves

 

 

Lights

2

  • Recognizing the lights and reflectors used by bicyclists

3.3 Accessories

Clothing

 

 

Rain gear

 

 

Carrying cargo

 

 

Child seat/trailers

2

  • Anticipating and adjusting for bikes pulling trailers

4.0 All About Bicycling

4.1 Transportation

[49, 56]

Environmental impact

3

  • The benefits of bicycling, for the environment and traffic congestion

Parking/locking your bike

 

 

Clothing/hygiene

 

 

4.2 Recreation

Touring and group rides

1

  • Occasional bicycle tours may impact the traffic on some roads on some dates (much as do sporting and other special events that attract large numbers of motor vehicles)

Off-road riding

 

 

Racing

2

  • Occasional bicycle races may impact the traffic on some roads on some dates (much as do sporting and other special events that attract large numbers of motor vehicles)

Multi-use trails

 

 

4.3 Health and Fitness

Family fun

 

 

Health benefits

2