Planning Resources and Research

web Recreational Trails Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Federal transportation funds benefit recreation by making funds available to the States to develop and maintain recreational trails and trail-related facilities for both nonmotorized and motorized recreational trail uses. ...more >
document At the Frontiers of Cycling, World Transport Policy & Practice
The focus in each case study is on the wide range of integrated, mutually supporting policies and programs that are used to promote cycling. ...more >
document Portland, OR: Bicycle Master Plan, City of Portland - Office of Transportation
With input from residents, businesses, and activists, the Bicycle Master Plan was created to emphasize policy change, effective facilities, and the development of a bikeway network. ...more >
document Berkeley, CA: Bicycle Boulevard Design Tools and Guidelines, City of Berkeley
This report describes the process by which Bicycle Boulevards were enhanced through the incorporation of specific tools and strategies. ...more >
document Making Walking and Cycling Safer, Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3
This document outlines programs in Germany and the Netherlands that have improved mobility through non-motorized modes of transportation. ...more >
document Interim Report to the U.S. Congress on the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program SAFETEA-LU Section 1807, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This interim report summarizes progress and initial results of the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) and the four pilot communities' participation in the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program ( ...more >
document International Scan Summary Report on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This report presents the findings of a team of transportation officials who visited five countries in Europe to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility. ...more >
document Understanding How the Built Environment Around TTA Stops Affects Ridership, Department of City and Regional Planning, UNC-Chapel Hill
"This study determines the characteristics of urban development that related to Triangle Transit Authority (TTA) bus ridership levels in the Triangle region of North Carolina." ...more >
document City of Cambridge Bicycle Parking Guide, City of Cambridge - Community Development Department
This document provides an overview of bicycling ordinances within the City of Cambridge, as well as guidelines, tips, and recommendations for bicyclists and residents. ...more >
web Database of Dutch Laws for Various Travel Modes, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This database of laws and measures can be searched by multiple variables, including mode of travel, time period, and type of law. ...more >
web Surface Transportation Environment and Planning (STEP) Cooperative Research Program, Federal Highway Administration
The general objective of the STEP is to improve understanding of the complex relationship between surface transportation, planning and the environment. ...more >
document Lane Configuration Guide to Support Safe Bicycling and Vehicular Travel, Kentucky Department of Transportation (DOT)
This guide shows potential lane configurations that support a Complete Street concept, allowing for safe, compatible traffic conditions for automobiles and bicycles. ...more >
document Guide for Review and Assessment of Local Mobility Plans, Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), Center for Urban Transportation Research
This report sets forth a proposed practice to guide the review of mobility plans with respect to supporting alternative modes, reducing vehicle miles of travel, and enhancing the multimodal environment. ...more >
document New Zealand Non-Motorised User Review Procedures, Land Transport New Zealand
This process ensures that the needs of people who wish to walk, cycle or, where relevant, ride a horse, are considered when works are being planned and designed. ...more >
document The National Bicycling and Walking Study, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report draws upon all of the work completed until 1994 in outlining a plan of action to promote bicycling and walking as viable transportation options for more Americans. ...more >
multimedia Bicycle/Pedestrian Planning Strategies, Center for Transportation and the Environment
The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA- LU), passed by Congress in 2005, provides new provisions and expands previous legislation that support bicycle and pedestrian programming, ...more >
web Interface for Cycling Expertise, Interface for Cycling Expertise (I-CE)
Interface for cycling expertise (I-CE) is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization, founded to answer the ever-growing international demand for cycle policy expertise. ...more >
document Bicycling and Walking in the Nineties and Beyond, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary output of this Scandinavian activity is the expertise gained in new techologies, practices, and policies, and the examination of their suitability for application in the US. ...more >
document FHWA Study Tour for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in England, Germany, and The Netherlands, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report documents the findings of a US team that visited England, the Netherlands, and Germany, to learn about policies for improving pedestrian and bicyclist safety. ...more >
web Institute of Transportation Engineers Traffic Calming Library, Institute of Transportation Engineers, Federal Highway Administration
The Traffic Calming Library contains a searchable database of reports, articles and other documents related to traffic calming. In some cases the full publication is available online and in others only a source listing or abstract is available. ...more >
document Cycling for Everyone, Transportation Research Record
This paper investigates how bicycling can be promoted as a safe and feasible means of transport for everyone and for all trip purposes. ...more >
document Cycling Safety on Bikeways versus Roads, Transportation Quarterly
This article compares the relative safety of cycling on traffic-separated bike lanes and bike paths compared to cycling on roadways in mixed traffic. ...more >
document Bicycling Boom in Germany, Transportation Quarterly
This article examines the dramatic boom in bicycling in Germany from the mid 1970s to the mid 1990s. ...more >
document National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT)
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study. ...more >
document Bicycle Parking Guidelines, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
The Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals pulled together a task force to develop recommendations on bicycle rack selection, location and placement. ...more >
document Guide to Promoting Bicycling on Federal Lands, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides guidance to Federal land managers on how to promote bicycling. ...more >
document Environmental and Policy Determinants of Physical Activity in the United States, American Journal of Public Health
This study examined (1) descriptive patterns in perceived environmental and policy determinants of physical activity and (2) associations between these factors and behavior. The full text can be obtained through the American Journal of Public Health at the link below. ...more >
multimedia GIS Tools for Improving Pedestrian and Bike Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This TechBrief discusses the use of GIS software to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety. ...more >
web Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES) promotes walking, bicycling, and the development of accessible recreation facilities. ...more >
document Roundabouts: An Informational Guide, Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
The guidance supplied in this document is based on established U.S. and international practices and is supplemented by recent research. ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This brief summary highlights the findings from the National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Data Collection in United States Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study presents methods for collection of pedestrian and bicycle data. ...more >
document Guidelines for Developing Traffic Safety Educational Materials for Spanish-Speaking Audiences, Education Development Center, Inc., National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This guidebook is designed for organizations seeking to create, or to help others create, culturally and linguistically appropriate traffic safety educational materials for Spanish-speaking audiences. ...more >
document Designing for Active Recreation, Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what constitutes an "activity-friendly environment" for recreational physical activity. ...more >
document Designing to Reduce Childhood Obesity, Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what environmental factors may be related to young people's eating and physical activity patterns. ...more >
document Highway Safety Needs of U.S. Hispanic Communities: Issues and Strategies, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report discusses the highway safety needs of Hispanic communities. ...more >
document A Citizen's Guide to Transportation Decisionmaking, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guide is intended to help community members understand how transportation decisions are made at the local, state, and national levels. ...more >
document Active Living Research Briefing, Active Living Research
This summary is an overview of peer-reviewed research from health, transportation, and recreation literature about active living and activity-friendly environments. ...more >
document Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Overview of Methods, Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. The guidebook describes and compares the various methods that can be used to forecast non- ...more >
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: Sources, Needs, & Gaps, USDOT and Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This review of existing data and data needs was based on outreach to user groups that included planners, advocates, and researchers at federal, state, and local government agencies, universities, and nonprofit organizations. ...more >
document Countermeasures That Work, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This guide is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) in selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas. ...more >
document A Comparative Analysis of Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document provides a comparison between Bike Lanes and Wide Curve Lanes, specifically in regards to bicycle and automobile interactions at intersections, and offers recommendations. ...more >
web Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Board
The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to promote innovation and progress in transportation through research. The site provides a wealth of documents online as well as books and journals for sale. ...more >
document Evaluation of a Combined Bicycle Lane/Right Turn Lane in Eugene, Oregon, Federal Highway Administration
Innovative, on-street bicycle treatments are now routinely being implemented. This is the third in a series of reports for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) pertaining to evaluation of these innovative bicycling treatments. ...more >
document Bicycle Compatibility Index, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research report presents a bicycle compatibility index (BCI) methodology that can be used by practitioners to evaluate the capability of specific roadways to accommodate both motorists and bicyclists. ...more >
document Characteristics of Emerging Road Users and Their Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This study identifies the operational characteristics of an increasingly diverse group of trail and other nonmotorized transportation users. ...more >
document Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
This guide provides information on the development of new facilities to enhance and encourage safe bicycle travel. Planning considerations, design and construction guidelines, and operation and maintenance recommendations are included. ...more >
document Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Supporting Documentation, Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. Supporting Documentation provides substantially more detail on the methods including purpose, ...more >
web Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV), Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
SWOV is an independent, scientific institute. SWOV's knowledge is public information and is made available to anyone who wants it, and is professionally involved in traffic and road safety in the Netherlands. ...more >
document Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This document contains both new and revised procedures for analyzing various types of exclusive and mixed-use bicycle facilities. Procedures are recommended to determine the Level of Service (LOS) for bicycle facilities based on previous domestic and international bicycle operations research conducted to date. ...more >
document Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking, Rails to Trails Conservancy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "Best Practices" report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States. ...more >
document Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the effects of pedestrians and bicyclists on the capacity of signalized intersections. These procedures augment the existing Highway Capacity Manual signalized intersection Level of Service procedures for locations with substantial pedestrian and/ ...more >
web Active Living Network Storybank, Active Living Network
The Active Living Storybank is a searchable database of projects, programs and initiatives around the country promoting health through changes in the built environment. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Strategic Planning Research Workshops, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report presents a summary of the workshop activities, recommendations from the participants, and a series of white papers on a variety of pedestrian and bicycle issues requiring further research. ...more >
document International Synthesis Report: Sweden, Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries. ...more >
document Share the Road, Surface Transportation Policy Project, Bicycle Federation of America, Environmental Working Group
This report is about making the case on public health, economic, and environmental grouds for a fair share of funding to make America bicycle friendly. ...more >
document The Role of Public Policies in Promoting the Safety, Convenience, and Popularity of Cycling, World Transport Policy and Practice
This article is a response to the critique by Heath Maddox that was published in the special issue on bicycling of WTPP (Volume 7, Number 3). ...more >
document Safe Kids Worldwide Global Road Safety, Safe Kids Worldwide, United Nations
This report provides information on several Safe Kids Worldwide road safety programs in different countries. Summaries describe the particular problem to be treated, the solution, the program used, and outcomes. ...more >
multimedia Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT), Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT) is a crash typing software product intended to assist state and local pedestrian/bicycle coordinators, planners and engineers with improving walking and bicycling safety through the development and analysis of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists. ...more >
document The Pedestrian and Bicyclist Highway Safety Problem as it Relates to the Hispanic Population in the United States, Center for Applied Research, Inc., Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the level of involvement of Hispanics in pedestrian and bicycle crashes. ...more >
document An Evaluation of Technologies for Automated Detection and Classification of Pedestrians and Bicylists, Massachusetts Highway Department & Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this research was to identify and evaluate existing automated technologies that may accurately and effeciently detect, count, and classify non-motorized modes of transportation (i.e. ...more >
document Evaluation of Safety, Design, and Operation of Shared Use Paths, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations. ...more >
document Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America, AARP
This report offers refinements to intersection design treatments recommended by the Federal Highway Administration in its Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians. ...more >
document Trail User Counts and Surveys, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Ozaukee Interurban Trail is a 30-mile shared-use trail that connects six communities in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin. ...more >
document The Effects of Bicycle Accomodations on Bicycle/Motor Vehicle Safety and Traffic Operations, Federal Highway Administration
This report discusses available research and state-of-the-practice information on wide (unmarked) curb lanes, marked bicycle lanes, shoulders used by bicyclists, and pathways and trails. ...more >
web Community Toolbox, National Park Service
The Community Toolbox is a set of techniques for project development and community participation. There are tools to get organized and aid with events, outreach, publicity, decision making, and more. ...more >
document Walking and Cycling International Literature Review, Victoria Department of Transport
This report presents the findings from a literature review aiming to help professionals understand barriers to walking and cycling as well as infrastructure and policy supports for nonmotorized transportation. ...more >
web Sustaining and Growing an Organization, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A guide to creating, sustaining, and growing an organization, with emphasis placed on computers, staff, volunteers, and members. ...more >
document A Compendium of Available Bicycle and Pedestrian Trip Generation Data in the United States, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes the available information on modeling bicycle and pedestrian trip data. ...more >
document Bicycle Safety-Related Research Synthesis, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research synthesis is designed to summarize bicycle safety-related research and applied research since 1981 in the United States. The report updates an earlier synthesis prepared for the Federal Highway Administration in 1981. ...more >
web Complete the Streets, National Complete Streets Coalition
This site contains design guides, training materials, illustrative presentations, susccessful case studies, and further resources on creating complete streets. ...more >
document A Bikeway Criteria Digest, Maryland Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Practical criteria and conclusions were abstracted from the FHWA research documents for this handbook so a user may have, in condensed orderly format, access to current practices. Additional references along with the GHWA documents are listed in this publication under Bibliography. ...more >
web Design Guidance Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel: A Recommended Approach, United States Department of Transportation
This policy statement adopted by the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) offers recommendations to public agencies, professional associations, advocacy groups, and others for integrating bicycling and walking into the transportation mainstream. ...more >
document Bikeways: State of the Art, 1974, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "State of the Art" report focuses on planning and design practices employed to date, reviews their successes and failures, outlines practices which appear to contribute to bicycle facility utility and safety, ...more >
web Massachusetts Bicycle Coalition, Massachusetts Bicycle Coalition
Site contains news and events in Massachusetts, bike maps and tours, information on local bicycle laws, and much more. ...more >
document Case Study No. 1: Reasons Why Bicycling and Walking Are And Are Not Being Used More Extensively as Travel Modes, Federal Highway Administration
This report discusses current levels of bicycling and walking for utilitarian and recreational purposes and assesses the potential for increased usage. Part and parcel of this is an exploration of the major demand constratints on non- ...more >
web National Trails Training Partnership (NTTP), National Trails Training Partnership
The National Trails Training Partnership provides technical assistance and resources for trails and greenways. ...more >
document Integration of Bicycles and Transit, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Federal Transit Administration
The purpose of this report is to share information about how bicycles are integrated with public transportation by many different types of transit agencies in the United States and Canada. ...more >
document Case Study No. 2: The Training Needs of Transportation Professionals Regarding the Pedestrian and Bicyclist, Federal Highway Administration
At the time of the publication of this paper, most American college transportation planning and engineering programs paid attention only to the automobile mode, with an elective course offered on transit design. ...more >
document Case Study No. 3: What Needs to Be Done to Promote Bicycling and Walking?, Federal Highway Administration
This study explores way to promote bicycling and walking as partners in a balanced, diversified transportation system. ...more >
document Case Study No. 4: Measures to Overcome Impediments to Bicycling and Walking, Federal Highway Administration
This case study is designed as a resource to assist policymakers, facility planners, and public officials in developing programs to make thses modes more accessible to the general public. Findings are based on a detailed analysis of these relevant written studies, ...more >
document Case Study No. 5: An Analysis of Current Funding Mechanisms for Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs at the Federal, State, and Local Levels, Federal Highway Administration
The aim of this case study was to identify the many different ways State and local governments funded facilities and programs for the benefit of bicyclists and pedestrians, and to present the information in such a way that Government agencies and those advocating better facilities and programs can easily see how it has been done. ...more >
web Project for Public Spaces, Project for Public Spaces
This site has an extensive collection of resources to support lively public spaces in the built environment. ...more >
web Rails to Trails Conservancy, Rails to Trails Conservancy
Rails-to-Trails Conservancy is a nonprofit organization working with communities to preserve unused rail corridors by transforming them into trails, enhancing the health of America's environment, economy, ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Travel Policy, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Guidance from a Kentucky task force on pedestrian and bicycle design results in the incorporation of nonmotorized design elements in new transportation projects. ...more >
document Livable Streets Plan, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Livable Streets Partnership in Raleigh brings various groups and interests together in a public planning process to produce a pedestrian friendly downtown action plan. ...more >
web National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report, United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States. ...more >
document False Creek Pedestrian and Cyclist Crossings Study, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver conducts a nonmotorist study of three bridge corridors into its downtown to help adequately plan for growing facility demand for walking and bicycling. ...more >
document Transportation Planning Handbook: Chapter 16 - Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This chapter from the Transportation Planning Handbook provides standards for bicycle and pedestrian facilities, including methods to measure bicycle route suitability, travel demand simulations, LOS analysis, ...more >
document New Jersey Congestion, Security, and Safety Initiative, Center for Advanced Infastructure and Transportation (CAIT) at Rutgers University, The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This project examines the relationship between effective national transportation congestion, security, and safety technology transfer applications. ...more >
web Victoria Transport Policy Institute, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative and practical solutions to transportation problems. ...more >
document Case Study No. 7: Transportation Potential and Other Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This study is a compendium of success stories and the hard work of many individuals, grass-roots organizations, private interests, local governments, and state agencies. ...more >
document NJ Walks and Bikes: Common Ground Conference Report, Voorhees Transportation Center
This paper represents the final report from a conference that explored how community design can support healthy lifestyles, specifically through the advancement of walking and biking. ...more >
document Case Study No. 8: Organizing Citizen Support and Acquiring Funding for Bicycle and Pedestrian Trails, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze specific courses of action necessary to successfully develop independent bicycle and pedestrian facilities. ...more >
web Metropolitan Transportation Commission Bicycles/Pedestrians, San Fransisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
The San Fransisco Bay Area MTC website offers information on current events, as well as a detailed planning toolbox and an engineering countermeasure database. ...more >
document Case Study No. 9: Linking Bicycle/Pedestrian Facilities with Transit, Federal Highway Administration
A number of transit agencies and local and State Governments have initiated efforts to improve nonmotorized transit access, but many major problems and opportunities have not yet been addressed. This report highlights some of these efforts and opportunities. ...more >
document Case Study No. 10: Trading Off Among the Needs of Motor Vehicle Users, Pedestrians, and Bicyclists, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to consider how limited resources can best be allocated to meet the needs of motro vehicle users, bicyclists, and pedestrians. ...more >
web Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Program works in many areas to promote safe walking and bicycling in Florida. ...more >
document ODOT Design Guidance for Roadway-based Bicycle Facilities, Office of Local Projects, Ohio Department of Transportation
This on-line document, ODOT Design Guidance for Roadway-Based Bicycle Facilities, serves as a supplement to the AASHTO Guide, and provides guidance on expectations for facilities constructed by ODOT. ...more >
document Case Study No. 11: Balancing Engineering, Education, Law Enforcement, and Encouragement, Federal Highway Administration
This report suggests a four-step process through which a community can implement a comprehensive "4-e" program to encourage non-motorized transportation. It includes suggestions for collecting basic data, ...more >
document Preserving Historic and Cultural Resources, Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
This article discusses how trails and greenways may be used to further historic and cultural preservation. ...more >
document A Guide for Reducing Collisions at Signalized Intersections, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board
This document provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions at signalized intersections. ...more >
document Case Study No. 16: A Study of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in European Countries, Federal Highway Administration
Most European nations have embarked on programs to reduce congestion, lower traffic accidents and improve the safety of cyclists and pedestrians. This paper concentrates on the ways bicycle and pedestrian facilities have been improved and cyclists and pedestrians benefited by these practices of & ...more >
document Case Study No. 17: Bicycle and Pedestrian Policies and Programs in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, Federal Highway Administration
This report examines biycle and pedestrian programs and policies in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, with particular attention to lessons that may be useful to U.S. transportation professionals and policymakers. ...more >
document Technical Assistance for Small Cities and Rural Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Rural region of Georgia forms a pedestrian and bicycle task force to ensure adequate education, planning, and implementation of nonmotorized projects. ...more >
document Case Study No. 18: Analyses of Successful Provincial, State, and Local Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in Canada and the United States, Federal Highway Administration
This report reviews various potential indicators of success demonstrated by different programs to determine how very different bicycle and pedestrian programs can be compared and used as an example or model for other communities. ...more >
document South Carolina Bicycling and Walking Resolution, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
South Carolina DOT forms a pedestrian and bicycle committee and holds a statewide conference to increase education and awareness of pedestrian and bicycle issues. ...more >
document Case Study No. 19: Traffic Calming, Auto-Restricted Zones and Other Traffic Management Techniques - Their Effects on Bicycling and Pedestrians, Federal Highway Administration
The body of this report can be divided into three parts. The first two major sections examine the history and traffic-calming techniques installed in Europe, Japan, and the United States. The final section of the report examines the practical and policy implication of traffic calming. ...more >
document Bike, Walk, and Wheel: A Way of Life in Columbia, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A community coalition forms in Columbia to address sedentary lifestyles of a specific neighborhood through multiple pedestrian-related projects. ...more >
document Case Study No. 21: Integrating Bicycle and Pedestrian Considerations into State and Local Transportation Planning, Design, and Operations, Federal Highway Administration
This report examines the process of "institutionalization" of bicycle and pedestrian considerations. It follows the process of institutionalization, the elements of integration, methods to legitimize bicycling and walking, ...more >
web Links to state bicycle laws provided by Bicycle Coalition of Massachusetts, Bicycle Coalition of Massachusetts
This page provides links to bicycle laws around the country. ...more >
document A Toolbox for Alleviating Traffic Congestion and Enhancing Mobility, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This document provides information on reducing congestion. ...more >
document Case Study No. 22: The Role of State Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinators, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this case study is to discuss the role of State bicycle/pedestrian coordinators. One particular focus is on hose coordinators should structure the mix of pedestrian and bike duties in their programs. ...more >
document Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Speed and Speed Management, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents a synthesis of research findings on the safety effects of speed, speed limits, enforcement, and engineering measures to manage speed. ...more >
web Bicycle/Pedestrian Trip Generation Workshop, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document is a summary of the results of a 1996 FHWA sponsored workshop to discuss trip generation. ...more >
document Case Study No. 23: The Role of Local Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinators, Federal Highway Administration
This report provides a model for how a City, County or Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) can create a bicycle/pedestrian coordinator position that will most effectively accomodate, and encourage bicyclists and pedestrians. ...more >
document Health Impact Assessment of Proposed Atlanta Beltline, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Health Impact Analysis conducted for massive transit, pedestrian, and bicycle beltline project around Atlanta that takes advantage of unused railroads. ...more >
web Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This site freely offers extensive data, statistics, and reports concerning transportation in the United States in addition to an online bookstore. ...more >
document Case Study No. 24: Current Planning Guidelines and Design Standards Being Used by State and Local Agencies for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
It is the goal of this case study to define current planning guidelines and design standards that are being used by States and localities fo the development of bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and identify state- ...more >
web National Household Travel Survey, Federal Highway Administration
This page provides links to the National Household Travel Survey reports for each year it was published between 1969-2001. ...more >
web NYU Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, New York University Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management
This site freely provides all the center's research publications, information on education courses and technical assistance, and updates on news and events. ...more >
web Rutgers Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center, The State University of New Jersey at Rutgers
The Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center (VTC) at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a national leader in the research and development of innovative transportation policy. ...more >
web Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports. ...more >
web Initiating Change, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The following resources include how to organize and grow your bicycle advocacy organization, how to acquire resources, working with the media and community leaders and choosing issues. ...more >
web University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources. ...more >
document Enhancing America's Communities, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This third edition of Enhancing America's Communities highlights a variety of transportation enhancement projects from around the country, showcasing the potential of TE to build strong places through targeted transportation investments. ...more >
document Flexibility in Highway Design, Federal Highway Administration
Presents methods of designing facilities that are sensitive to the surrounding environment that still meet accepted design guidelines. ...more >
document Geometric Design Practices for European Roads, International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents examples of European design practice and operations. ...more >
document Implementing Bicycle Improvements at the Local Level, Federal Highway Administration, Bicycle Federation of America
Demonstrates what facility designs and operational practices can be used to enhance bicycle travel. ...more >
document A Quick Guide to Transportation Enhancements, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This brochure discusses the Transportation Enhancement Program and Transportation Enhancements. ...more >
document Safety & Locational Criteria for Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This manual is designed to enable users to make judgements on the need for and the location and form of biyclc facilities. ...more >
document A Return on Investment Analysis of Bikes-on-Bus Programs, National Center For Transit Research, Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida
This paper looks at the return on investment for Bikes-on-Bus programs. The document includes recommendations on how transit agencies can overcome rack capacity limitations. ...more >
document Rails with Trails: Lessons Learned, Federal Highway Administration
A research report about trails located near railroad and transit rights-of-way. ...more >
document North Carolina Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning Grant Initiative, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
North Carolina Department of Transportation creates a multi-source funding initiative to help insure quality pedestrian and bicycle planning across the state. ...more >
document Selecting Roadway Design Treatments to Accommodate Bicycles, Federal Highway Administration
Presents a methodology for selecting the most appropriate type of on- road bicycle facility. ...more >
document Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international review, Preventive Medicine
The objective of this paper is to assess existing research on the effects of various interventions on levels of bicycling. ...more >
document A Review of the Impacts of the Towaway Reporting Threshold on a Highway Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study reviews the potential impacts of a towaway reporting threshold on the North Carolina Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) listings and on the locations and types of crash patterns identified on collision diagrams by field engineers. ...more >
document Conflicts on Multiple Use Trails, Federal Highway Administration
Presents a series of principles for more effective operations of multi use trails. ...more >
document Feasibility of Demand Incentives for Non-Motorized Travel, Federal Highway Administration
This report examines the potential of various strategies for increasing the use of walking and bicycling for utilitarian purposes. ...more >
document Complete Streets Laws and Ordinances, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Commitments to complete the streets have been adopted via state law, local ordinances and resolutions, agency policies, comprehensive plans, tax measures, and design manual re-writes. ...more >
document Traffic Calming and Crime Prevention, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Many communities in the U.S. have been designed to accommodate automobiles, not cyclists and pedestrians. Traffic calming can help make bicycling and walking more comfortable and neighborhoods more livable. ...more >
document An Investigation of the Potential for Pathways Shared by Pedestrians and Bicyclists, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides level of service and volume measurements in addition to measurements of conflict potential in order to determine the potential for shared pathways for bicyclists and pedestrians. ...more >
document Downtown Orlando Transportation Plan, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Bicycle and Pedestrian section's objective is to provide a secure, convenient, efficient, comfortable, and welcoming network for bicyclists and pedestrians. ...more >
web National Strategies for Advancing Bicycle Safety, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
A call to action to improve bicycle safety with five critical goals and 18 specific action items. ...more >
document Bicycling and Walking in the US 2010 Benchmarking Report, Alliance for Biking & Walking
The Benchmarking Project is an on-going effort to collect and analyze data on bicycling and walking in all 50 states and the 51 largest U.S. cities. ...more >
document Innovative Traffic Control: Technology and Practice in Europe, International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents the state of the art of emerging technologies for traffic control devices. ...more >
web Traffic Safety Digest, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This page highlights case studies of pedestrian and bicycle safety projects around the United States, dating between 1996 and 2003. ...more >
document Promoting Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety to Hispanic Audiences, Federal Highway Administration
This marketing plan, which uses available reference materials and additional research in the form of focus group session results, showcases a strategy for marketing pedestrian and bicycle safety issues/ ...more >
document Promoting Safe Walking and Cycling to Improve Public Health: Lessons from The Netherlands and Germany, American Journal of Public Health, Vol 93.9
This report examines the public health consequences of unsafe and inconvenient walking and bicycling conditions in American cities and suggest improvements based on successful policies in The Netherlands and Germany. ...more >
document Rails with Trails, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy; National Park Service; Rails, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program
This report is designed to help planners answer questions such as: "Are rails-with-trails safe?;" "Will a rail-with-trail work in our community?;" How do we design our rail-with- ...more >
web Tool Kit for Integrating Land Use and Transportation Decision-Making, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this tool kit is to provide a user-friendly, web-based source of methods, strategies, and procedures for integrating land use and transportation planning, decision-making, and project implementation. ...more >
document Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany,
With the combination of aggregate data and case studies this paper shows how the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany have made bicycling safe anc convenient in their small and large cities. ...more >
web A Brief Portrait of Multimodal Transportation Planning in Oregon and the Path to Achieving It, 1890-1974, Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium
This project was designed to outline transportation chapters of a planned written history of Oregon land use planning, written to make the transportation planning profession relevant to a popular audience. ...more >
document Intermodal Transportation Planning and Development: A Closer Look at Linking Transit to Bicycling and Walking, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Using bike facility construction, regional collaboration, and encouragement, Tucson enhanced accessibility and improved intermodal connections. ...more >
web Surface Transportation Policy Project, Surface Transportation Policy Project
The Surface Transportation Policy Project is a diverse, nationwide coalition working to ensure safer communities and smarter transportation choices that enhance the economy, improve public health, promote social equity, ...more >
document Countermeasures That Work, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report explores highway safety strategies and countermeasures relevant to State Highway Safety Offices; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation; and provides references to research summaries and individual studies. ...more >
document Creating a RoadMap for Producing & Implementing a Bicycle Master Plan, Active Living Resource Center
This document will serve as a starting point for discussion of Bicycle Master Plans and as a guide to process. ...more >
document Bicycle Access to Public Transportation: Learning from Abroad, Institute for Transportation Engineers Journal
This paper studies bicycling in Europe and concludes American communities need to consider new more cost-effective strategies to expand transit use and reduce automobile dependence. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
document Bicycle Helmet Use Laws, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report presents the experiences of six jurisdictions in enacting and implementing bicycle helmet use laws. ...more >
document Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity?, Transportation Research Board Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention requested this study in order to examine the connection between the built environment and the physical activity levels of the U. ...more >
document Pathways for People, Rodale Press, Parkwood Research Associates
This document presents the survey questions and results concerning respondents bicycling, walking, and running habits, and their access to multiuse pathways. ...more >
document Creating Active Rural Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through a combination of partnerships, planning, and advocacy, municipalities were able to develop and promote active living practices in rural Haliburton County. ...more >
document Field Test Results of the Multimodal Level of Service Analysis for Urban Streets, Transportation Research Board
Field Test Results of the Multimodal Level of Service Analysis for Urban Streets (MMLOS) explores the result of a field test of the MMLOS in 10 US metropolitan areas. ...more >
document World Class Streets, Public Roads Magazine
New York City is transforming itself into a metropolis that is friendly to bicyclists, pedestrians, and transit riders. Learn how the Big Apple is doing it. ...more >
document Pedestrians and Bicycles, Transportation Research Board
This Transportation Research Record contains 24 papers on the subject of pedestrians and bicycles. It can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document Behavior of Bicyclist in Following, Transportation Research Board
A bicycle-following model presented in this paper represents the behavior of bicyclists as they follow each other in traffic stream without an opportunity or sufficient stimulus to overtake or pass a lead bicycle. ...more >
document Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas, Federal Highway Administration, Federal Transit Administation
The purpose of this document, Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas, is to provide a resource to rural planners, city and county engineers, stakeholders, local officials, and other decision-makers involved with developing rural transportation plans. ...more >
document Estimating Bicycle Usage on a National Cycle Network, Transportation Research Board
This research estimates the economic impacts of bicycle tourist based on cycling-related expenditure associated with trips made on the national network. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
document From TIGER to Audit Instruments: Using GIS-Based Street Data to Measure Neighborhood Walkability, Transportation Research Board
This paper explores how the path network around key urban destinations can be visually and quantitatively analyzed. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document How to Engage Low-Literacy and Limited-English-Proficiency Populations in Transportation Decisionmaking, Federal Highway Administration
This report documents "best practices" in identifying and engaging low-literacy and limited-English-proficiency populations in transportation decisionmaking. ...more >
document Socioeconomics of Urban Travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS, Transportation Quarterly
This paper summarizes the socioeconomic issues with the transportation system as illuminated by the 2001 National Household Travel Survey. ...more >
document Development of Boulder's Multimodal System, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Boulder has leveraged natural advantages with a significant commitment, well-designed plans, and resourceful follow-through to build a multimodal system and institutionalize the accommodation of bicycling and walking on many levels. ...more >
document Planning for the Bicycle as a Form of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
A Bikeway Systems Planning Manual for assisting public officials and bicycle enthusiast groups in designing and implementing safe and economic bikeways in the local community. ...more >
document A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This guide demonstrates how state departments of transportation (DOTs) and other transportation agencies can incorporate context sensitivity into their transportation project development work. ...more >
document Accessibility Guidebook for Outdoor Recreation and Trails, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), United States Forest Service (USFS)
This guidebook is intended to help designers and recreation professionals apply the Forest Service Outdoor Recreation Accessibility Guidelines (FSORAG) and Forest Service Trail Accessibility Guidelines ( ...more >
document State of the Art: Class I Bicycle Path Pavements, Federal Highway Administration
This report presents the state-of-the-art (at the time of writing) of Class I bicycle path pavements. ...more >
document Shared-Use Path Level of Service Calculator, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations. ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report provides a top line summary of key data results regarding the behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling. ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report provides a detailed analysis of behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling. ...more >
document National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project, Transportation Research Board
This paper discusses the various challenges the pedestrian and bicycle field in documenting usage and demand. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report describes the methods used to conduct the interviews and analyze the data from the National Survey. ...more >
document Safety and Location Criteria for Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This report is a compendium of all research activities undertaken during the Safety and Locational Criteria for Bicycle Facilities research projet. ...more >
document Finding Matching Funds for Trail Projects, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report discusses various funding sources for trail projects using a number of resources readily available to all communities. The document uses case studies to illustrate the successful use of networking, ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, Questionnaire Form, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics, The Gallup Organization
This document is a transcript of the script followed by data collectors for the National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes and Behaviors. ...more >
document Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility,
The report is a comprehensive and easy-to-use resource that summarizes the knowledge and practices that are relevant to human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections, speed management, ...more >
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, Brochure, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This brochure gives a short overview of the study methodology and results, in addition to contact information. ...more >
web Active Living by Design, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, UNC School of Public Health.
Active Living by Design is a national program that establishes innovative approaches to increase physical activity through community design, public policies and communications strategies. ...more >
document Innovative Financing for Transportation Enhancements Projects, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report discusses various funding sources for Transportation projects using a number of resources readily available to all communities. The document uses local case studies to illustrate the successful use of several types of legislative provision. ...more >
web Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center Library, Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
This page contains links to all the publications and research material developed by the Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center. ...more >
multimedia Planning and Designing Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This slide show discusses the benefits of bicycling, related legislation, design standards, roadway hazards, multi-use trail design, and additional related programs. This slide show also contains many illustrative images. ...more >
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel Demand Forcasting, Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes data collection activities performed at eight different sites in Texas urban areas. ...more >
document Evaluation of Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes research conducted to evaluate bicycle and pedestrian facilities (i.e. shared use trails) with user satisfaction and perception surveys. ...more >
web BIKESAFE: Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
BIKESAFE is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information, available for improving the safety and mobility of those who bicycle. It is an expert system that allows the user to select appropriate countermeasures or treatments to address specific problems. ...more >
document Bicycles and Transit, Federal Transit Administration
This FTA brochure describes how transit agencies around the country are building the connections between bicycles and transit, and how Federal transportation programs may be used to support more of these efforts. ...more >
document Building Livable Communities with Transit, Federal Transit Administration
This booklet presents some of the successes - in terms of planning, development, and implementation - of the community-sensitive transportation facility development process. ...more >
document Centers for Disease Control Injury Fact Book, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This document looks at the nature and costs of injuries in the United States. Information on pedestrian injuries may be found on page 66 of the document, and information on road traffic safety starts on page 71. ...more >
document Changing Directions: Federal Transportation Spending in the 1990s, Surface Transportation Policy Project
In this report, the Surface Transportation Policy Project analyzes ten years of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fiscal Management Information System as well as reports from the Federal Transit Administration that track how the states have spent federal transportation dollars. ...more >
document Traffic Calming Do's and Don'ts to Encourage Bicycling, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This report discusses the role of the bicycle boulevard in a community and offers information on traffic calming measures that are both compatible and incompatible with bicycles. ...more >
web Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration website provides information on a wide variety of policy documents and national statistics. ...more >
document Creating a Healthy Environment: The Impact of the Built Environment on Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This report looks at the impact that land-use decisions have on public health. "In this monograph, [the authors] address...land-use decisions, discuss how they affect our health, and offer some suggestions on how public health professionals can collaborate with their colleagues in land- ...more >
web FHWA Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, Federal Highway Administration
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program website presents information on funding, legislation, and design standards. It also provides federal publications related to pedestrian and bicycle issues. ...more >
document Portland's Blue Bike Lanes, City of Portland Office of Transportation
The project goal is to investigate the effectiveness of colored pavement markings in reducing bicyclist-motorist conflicts at designated crossing areas. ...more >
web FHWA National Highway Institute, Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information on training courses, instructor certification, and fellowships offered by the National Highway Insitute. ...more >
web Turner Fairbank: Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Web site provides information on issues and research related to improving pedestrian and bicyclist (pedalcyclist) safety. ...more >
document FHWA Office of Highway Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary objective of this study was to develop safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety. ...more >
web House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, United States House of Representatives
This website provides up-to-date information on legislation related to transportation and infrastructure in the United States. ...more >
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Provisions of Federal Transportation Legislation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The legislation has numerous provisions that relate to improving conditions for bicycling and walking and increasing the safety of the two modes. ...more >
document State and Regional Agencies Work with Community Members in Charleston, National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report on Transportation and Health
A partnership for health in Charleston, South Carolina, uses a citizen survey to help determine and ensure preferred allocation of transportation funds to pedestrian and bicycle facilities. ...more >
document Code of Federal Regulations 23, Part 652, United States Government Printing Office
This document provides policies and procedures relating to the provision of pedestrian and bicycle accommodations on Federal-aid projects, and Federal participation in the cost of these accommodations and projects. ...more >
document Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
This report discusses the criteria used to evaluate highway and street designs, including the presence of bicycle and pedestrian traffic ...more >
document Community Involvement During the Planning Process, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community and advocacy groups in Norfolk engage local residents to determine high priority pedestrian and bicycle issues on a major commercial corridor. ...more >
web Office of Highway Safety Pedestrian/Bicyclist Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety
This site is designed to make it easier for the pedestrian safety practitioner and advocate to locate and acquire the most appropriate resources to meet their particular planning, design, and operation needs for pedestrian facilities. ...more >
document Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways provisions of Section 217 of Title 23, as amended by TEA-21, describe how Federal-aid funds may be used for bicycle and pedestrian projects. ...more >
web Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), United States Department of Transportation
The web site provides detailed information on the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA 21) funding laws. ...more >
document Bicycle & Pedestrian Technical Summary, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document summarizes the changes made by the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21). ...more >
web Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) National Transportation Library, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This online research database offers the option to search all documents classified under pedestrian, bicycles, or both. ...more >
document Economic Impacts of Protecting Rivers, Trails, and Greenway Corridors, Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance, National Park Service
This report is intended to be a compilation of the most recent information on parks, trails, and greenways. ...more >
document Effects of a Towaway Reporting Threshold on Crash Analysis Results, Federal Highway Administration
This paper attempts to quantify the expected effects on data analysis capabilities when different crash reporting thresholds are altered. ...more >
web U. S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), U. S. Department of Transportation
This site provides information on policies, regulations, research, grants, and more. ...more >
web American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
AASHTO's primary goal is to foster the development, operation, and maintenance of an integrated national transportation system. The site offers and extensive online bookstore. ...more >
document Enhancing America's Communities, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This guide, in its second edition, is a road map for navigating your way through the transportation enhancement process. ...more >
web American Planning Association (APA), American Planning Association
The site offers information on research, legislation, community initiatives, careers, and conferences, in addition to offering resources and communication tools for students and professional planners. ...more >
web American Public Works Association, American Public Works Association
The American Public Works Association is an international educational and professional association of public agencies, private sector companies, and individuals dedicated to providing high quality public works goods and services. ...more >
document Estimating the Economic Benefits of Bicycling and Bicycle Facilities: An Interpretive Review and Proposed Methods, Essays on Transportation Economics
The purpose of this paper is to review and interpret existing literature that evaluates the economic benefits of bicycle facilities and suggest strategies for evaluating economic benefits in future work. ...more >
web Benefit-Cost Analysis of Bicycle Facilities, University of Minnesota
If your community is considering building a new bicycle facility, you can use this tool to estimate costs, the demand in terms of new cyclists, and measured economic benefits (e.g., time savings, increased livability, ...more >
document Flexible Design of New Jersey's Main Streets, The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This research finds a burgeoning national movement away from strict reliance on highway design templates and toward flexible highway design, especially in the Northeastern and Northwestern United States. ...more >
document Bikeability Checklist, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
How bikeable is your community? The Bikeability Checklist can help you find the answer. ...more >
web Data Collection and Analysis for Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This report describes how communities can collect data about bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and includes case studies from 27 communities. Future publications will include a recommended practices guide, ...more >
document Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation, International City/County Management Association
This is the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide. ...more >
document Guidelines for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities in Texas, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
An overview of the process for planning various types of bicycle and pedestrian projects is provided. ...more >
document Smart Mobility Framework: Phase I Report (Revised) Definition and Principles Workshop Summary, Caltrans and Environmental Protection Agency
A joint project by Caltrans and EPA to develop a framework for classifying and prioritizing transportation and development projects with a multimodal approach. Caltrans is currently developing this into a Smart Mobility Handbook. ...more >
document Getting to Smart Growth: 100 More Policies for Implementation, International City/County Management Association
This guide is the fourth primer in a series written and distributed by the International City/County Management Association (ICMA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Smart Growth Network. ...more >
document How the Built Environment Affects Physical Activity, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This article reviews the current methods of measuring the built environment and travel behavior, and discusses the challenges to determining the connection between environment and physical activity. ...more >
document Pedestrian- and Transit-Friendly Design, Florida Department of Transportation and American Planning Association
A quick guide to pedestrian needs that must be considered during development. Attention is given to the placement of parks, buildings, transit stops, and sidewalks that create a network to connect these amenities. ...more >
document Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente: 100 Políticas Para Su Implementación, International City/County Management Association
This Spanish-language guide is the fourth primer in a series created to introduce communities to the benefits of "smart growth." ...more >
document The Impact of Community Design and Land-Use Choices on Public Health, American Journal of Public Health
This report describes 37 questions that resulted from a workshop on the relationship between the built environment and physical and mental health. The full text may be obtained from PubMed Central at the link below. ...more >
document Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente, II: 100 Políticas Adicionales Para Su Implementación, International City/County Management Association
This is the Spanish-language version of the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide. ...more >
document FITTING PLACES: How the Built Environment Affects Active Living and Active Transportation., Go for Green
This discussion paper is intended to provide an introduction to how the design of cities and town influences the behavior of the people who live in them. ...more >
web Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format) ...more >
document How to enhance WALking and CYcliNG instead of shorter car trips and to make these modes safer (WALCYNG), Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering, University of Lund, Sweden
The purpose of this document is to examine conditions and measures which may enhance walking and cycling instead of making shorter car trips. ...more >
web Cycle Audit and Review, UK Department for Transport
Cycle Audit is a systematic process, applied to planned changes to the transport network, which is designed to ensure that opportunities to encourage cycling are considered comprehensively and that cycling conditions are not inadvertently made worse. ...more >
multimedia What is Traffic Calming?, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
This image-rich PowerPoint presentation gives a short history of the pedestrian in transportation planning, and illustrates different traffic calming strategies used in various communities. ...more >
document Good Practices Guide for Bicycle Safety Education, Federal Highway Administration
Guide to developing your own bicycle education program or selecting the most effective program for your needs. ...more >
web Hard Lessons: Causes and Consequences of Michigan's School Construction Boom, Michigan Land Use Institute
The Michigan Land Use Institute published this report to detail the problem and expose the challenges of managing growth and design. ...more >
document Why Canadians Cycle More Than Americans: A Comparative Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies, Transport Policy
This paper looks at the reasons by Canadians cycle approximately 3 times more frequently than Americans. ...more >
document Cycling in the Netherlands, Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
Cycling accounts for 27% of all trips in the Netherlands; a comprehensive report (in English) on cycling in the Netherlands is now available. ...more >
document Special Report: Accessible Public Rights-of-Way Planning and Design for Alterations, Public Rights-of-Way Access Advisory Committee
This technical assistance publication has been developed to provide guidance in the planning and design of pedestrian improvements constructed as part of an alteration project. ...more >
web Danish Road Directorate, Danish Ministry of Transport and Energy
The mission of the Danish Road Directorate is to manage the national roads, which carry almost 30 % of the total transport volume in Denmark. The site contains crash statistics, training information, ...more >
web European Twowheeler Retailers' Association (ETRA), European Twowheeler Retailers' Association
This website aims to support independent European retailers of bicycles, mopeds, and motorcycles. The site offers communication tools as well as updates on related legislation and advocacy opportunities. ...more >
web Transportation Association of Canada, Transportation Association of Canada
The Transportation Association of Canada is a national association with a mission to promote the provision of safe, secure, efficient, effective and environmentally and financially sustainable transportation services in support of Canada' ...more >
web European Network for Cycling Expertise (Velo.Info), EU Fifth Framework Programme
Velo.info is a nonprofit institute that provides expertise in creating and implementing a cycling policy. The site provides detailed information for planners and advocates on a variety of topics related to cycling, ...more >
web Institute of Transportation Engineers, Institute of Transportation Engineers
The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international educational and scientific association of transportation professionals who are responsible for meeting mobility and safety needs. ...more >
document Guide to Bicycle Advocacy, Bikes Belong Coalition, Inc.
This guide provides information for bicycle advocates regarding funding for bicycle facilities and various strategies for advocacy and planning. ...more >
document National Survey on Active Transportation, Go for Green
The major objective of the 1998 National Survey on Active Transportation is to establish a baseline of participation in active transportation (walking and cycling) among adults and school aged children in Canada. ...more >
document New Community Design to the Rescue, National Governor's Association
This paper discusses the merits of New Community Design (NCD) and the ability of NCD to end sprawl and improve community health. ...more >
document Rails with Trails in Canada, Trails Canada
This article outlines some of the potential benefits of rails with trails, concerns, design elements to be considered, and highlights of existing Canadian examples. ...more >
document Keeping Children Safe in Traffic, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development draws on best practices and research results to show how child casualties can be reduced. Free executive summary. $45 for full report. ...more >
document Remarks of Martin E. Robbins: Moving Transportation in the Right Direction, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University
These are the remarks of Martin E. Robins, Director of the Voorhees Transportation Policy Institute from his talk entitled "Moving Transportation in the Right Direction." ...more >
document Home Zone Concepts and New Jersey, Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University
This report probes the potential for the application of the Dutch concept of woonerf, or Home Zone, for the United States, and particularly New Jersey. ...more >
multimedia Spectrum of Prevention: A Model for Planning Public Health Interventions Traumatic Brain Injury Prevention Helmet Use and Bicycle Safety, California Department of Health Services
This presentation provides information on traumatic brain injury prevention through bicycle helmet use and bicycle safety. ...more >
web National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Aged 50 and Older, Active Aging Partnership
The National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Age 50 and Older was developed as a guide for organizations, associations and agencies to plan strategies to help people age 50 and older increase their physical activity. ...more >
web National Center for Bicycling & Walking, National Center for Bicycling & Walking
The Center's mission is to help create bicycle-friendly and walkable communities across North America by encouraging and supporting the efforts of individuals, organizations, and agencies. ...more >
web School Site Assessment for Traffic Safety, Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program
Tool developed by the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program to examine biking and walking conditions at the school campus. ...more >
document Sustainable Transport that Works, World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This paper describes how Germany has balanced high levels of car ownership with safe, convenient, and integrated public transport, cycling, and walking alternatives. ...more >
document Cycling for a Few or for Everyone, World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This article reports empirical evidence that multi-faceted strategies (education, enforcement, and provision of facilities) are more effective in increasing cycling safety and raising overall cycling levels. ...more >
web Community Toolbox, The National Park Service
The National Park Service's Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance (RTCA) program helps communities work together to improve their special places. They've produced the Community Toolbox, a set of techniques for project development and community participation. ...more >
web Roadway Connectivity, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This chapter describes how improved roadway connectivity can reduce vehicle travel. The document details how to implementation connected streets and lists benefits, costs, case studies, and their impacts on travel and equity. ...more >
document How Land Use and Transportation Systems Impact Public Health, Active Community Environtments (ACES)
This review discusses how urban form affects public health, specifically through the ways in which the built environment encourages or discourages physical activity levels. ...more >
web Bike Walk Virginia, Bike Walk Virginia
BikeWalk Virginia is an educational nonprofit organization that conducts advocacy, education, and training programs. ...more >
web Better Environmentally Sound Transportation (BEST), Better Environmentally Sound Transportation
BEST is an advocacy organization that offers volunteer opportunities and works with planners and elected officials to support green transportation in Vancouver and across Canada. ...more >
document Transportation-Efficient Land Use Mapping Index(TELUMI), Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
The objective of this project was to devise a conceptually simple tool that operationalized the complex relationship between land use and travel behavior. ...more >
web Conservation Law Foundation, Conservation Law Foundation
This site contains news updates, research publications, an events calendar, legislative action opportunities, and specific fact sheets on smart growth in New England. ...more >
document Bikeway Planning Criteria and Guidelines, Institute of Transportation and Traffic Engineering, State of California Business and Transportation Agency
Design criteria, specificationand guidelines for providing Class I and Class II bikeway facilities are presented. ...more >
document In the Dark: Seeing Bikes at Night, Access
This paper looks at the difficulty in seeing bicyclists at night and ways to improve visibility. It discusses clothing patterns, perceived speed, and ways to make bicycling at night safer. ...more >
document Increasing Physical Activity Through Community Design, National Center for Biking & Walking
This guide describes how to help create places for people to walk and bicycle. ...more >
web TravelSmart, Government of Western Australia
TravelSmart is a successful Western Australian community-based program that encourages people to use alternatives to travelling in their private car. An overview of the community-led program is available for download on the site in PDF. ...more >
web Walking and Bicycling Suitability Assessment Project, WABSA Project
A user-friendly tool designed to assess the suitability of local streets for walking and bicycling. ...more >
web PlannersWeb - Planning Commissioners Journal, Planning Commissioners Journal
This website offers a variety of resources for non-professional citizen planners. ...more >
document Intersection Level of Service, Transportation Research Board
The Florida Department of Transportation (DOT) has initiated multimodal level-of-service (LOS) methodologies, including that for the bicycle travel mode. ...more >
document Development of Bicycle Compatability Index for Rural Roads in Nebraska, Transportation Research Board
The objective of work described in this paper is to develop a rural equivalent of the Bicycle Compatability Index developed by the Federal Highway Administration. ...more >
document Lessons from Katrina and Rita: What Major Disasters Can Teach Transportation Planners, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper examines failures in hurricane Katrina and Rita emergency response and their lessons for transportation planning in other communities. ...more >
document Making Your Community Walkable and Bikeable, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, UNC School of Public Health
This guidebook helps community groups, organizations, and concerned individuals learn how to collaborate with planning staff and other officials to improve their local roads for walking and bicycling. ...more >
document Conserve by Bicycle Program Study, Florida Department of Transportation
This study was requested by the 2005 Legislature to identify ways increased use of bicycles could be promoted to save energy and achieve health benefits. ...more >
document New Jersey: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan, Phase 2, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This plan provides clear guidance for the most effective use of Federal, State, and local resources to implement pedestrian and bicycle facilities. The stated goals and objectives are supported with proposed performance measures to determine the effectiveness and critical success factors. ...more >
document VTrans 2025: Virginia's Statewide Multimodal Long-Range Transportation Plan, Commonwealth of Virginia Secretary of Transportation
Virginia's long-range transportation plan, called VTrans2025, is a blueprint for shaping the transportation future. It establishes a commonly held vision, goals, and objectives to guide and direct decision- ...more >
document CRC Index: Compatibility of Roads for Cyclists in Rural and Urban Fringe Areas, Transportation Research Board 2003 Annual Meeting
This research aims to build a safety and compatibility index for rural and urban fringe areas, using a combination of parameters (ex. speed, traffic, and layout). ...more >
document Vermont: Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Planning and Design Manual, Vermont Agency of Transportation
The manual assists agencies, organizations, and citizens with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of pedestrian facilities in the variety of settings. ...more >
document Oregon: Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, Oregon Department of Tranportation
This is one of the first plans developed to promote walking. It is in-depth and informative, addressing various aspects of pedestrian planning. ...more >
document Bicycling and Walking in North Carolina, A Long Range Transportation Plan, North Carolina Department of Transportation
The North Carolina pedestrian plan builds upon the state's long-range transportation plan, elaborating on the goals, focus areas, and programming specific to walking. ...more >
document Neighborhood-Scale Planning Tools to Create Active, Livable Communities, Local Government Commission, Active Living Leadership
This guide is a tool for community members to use to help create a more active, livable community. ...more >
document North Carolina: Planning and Designing Local Pedestrian Facilities, North Carolina Department of Transportation
The Local Pedestrian Facilities manual provides suggestions and guidelines for local planners and traffic engineers to increase pedestrian safety and friendliness. ...more >
web Pennsylvania: Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
The Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines is one part of Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan for Pennsylvania. The design guidelines focus on best practices for sidewalks, intersections, ...more >
document District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines, District Department of Transportation
To reduce the negative impact of motor vehicle use and ensure overall safety, the District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines provide a process for involving the public in implementing traffic calming measures. ...more >
document Idaho Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan, Idaho Transportation Department
This document serves as a first step in establishing a statewide vision and comprehensive approach to pedestrian transportation planning. ...more >
document Marina, CA Pedestrian and Bicycle Master Plan, Local Government Commission
This plan contains a clear outline and discussion of goals and action strategies. It offers a comprehensive street inventory and assessment of deficiencies. ...more >
web City of Cambridge, MA Environmental and Transportation Division, City of Cambridge
The City of Cambridge's pedestrian program works to improve walking conditions in the city through engineering improvements, promotional activities, and educational project. ...more >
document Bellevue, WA: Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Plan Update, City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This is a policy-oriented document that aims to revise the 30-year plan. It presents key issues that have appeared during the implementation of pedestrian facilities, proving to be a helpful resource for localities considering such improvements. ...more >
web National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project, Alta Planning and Design and the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Pedestrian and Bicycle Council
This nationwide effort provides consistent model of data collection and ongoing data for use by planners, governments, and bicycle and pedestrian professionals. ...more >
document Overcoming Opposition to Bicycling, Walking and Trail Development, National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
This report focuses on ways to create trails in communities with localized resistance to the construction. ...more >
web New York City Department of Transportation: Bicyclists, New York City Department of Transportation
These pages provide safety tips for bicyclists, bicycle maps and information on how to apply for bike racks. ...more >
web Oregon Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, State of Oregon
This site provides infomation for local residents in addition to a variety of resources adaptable to general users, including design guides and standard drawings. ...more >
document Chapel Hill, NC: Bicycle and Pedestrian Action Plan, Town of Chapel Hill
This is a concise, general plan that provides a foundation for future pedestrian planning. ...more >
document Arizona: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, Arizona Department of Transportation
This is a guide for making pedestrian-related transportation decisions at the State and local level. The plan provides a long-term agenda for implementing a system of pedestrian facilities on the ADOT State Highway System and seeks to coordinate the relationship between ADOT and smaller jurisdictions. ...more >
web Links to bicycle education and safety sites provided by Chainguard, Chainguard
This page provides links to safety and educational sites. ...more >
document Seattle, WA: Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Implementation Strategy for the Central Puget Sound Region, Puget Sound Regional Council
This regional plan identifies more than 2,000 miles of needed bike lanes and oaths and pedestrian improvements around activity centers. ...more >
web Bike Plan Source Hot Topics provided by Tracy-Williams Consulting, Tracy-Williams Consulting
The Bike Plan Source page provides articles on various topics relating to designing for bicycles. ...more >
web Boulder, CO: Transportation Master Plan, City of Boulder
Pedestrian planning is fully integrated into the Boulder, CO Transportation Master Plan. The plan outlines modal split targets of 15 percent by bike and 24 percent by foot by 2020 and offers a variety of resources to transportation officials seeking to increase pedestrian travel. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Standards and Innovations in Large Central Cities, Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management at NYU Wagner
The report reviews how best to accommodate the use of bicycles and walking while ensuring safety and sufficient mobility for motor vehicles for large central cities and provides examples of best practices in various cities nationally and internationally. ...more >
document A Study of Land Use, Transportation, Air Quality, and Health (LUTAQH) in King County, WA, Lawrence Frank & Co., GeoStats, Inc, San Diego State University, University of Cincinnati
This research documents the impact of land use decisions and transportation investments and suggests strategies for allocating resources to encourage more compact, mixed use neighborhoods with more transportation choices. ...more >
document Reevaluating The Role Of Highway Expansion For Improving Urban Transportation, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report investigates claims that highway capacity expansion is a cost effective and desirable solution to urban traffic congestion problems. ...more >
document A Longitudinal Analysis of the Effect of Bicycle Facilities on Commute Mode Sharing, Transportation Research Board
This paper uses census data to describe changes in bicycle commute mode shares between 1990 and 2000 in the Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN area, and specifically the impact of new bicycle facilities that were created during this decade. ...more >
document Active Facts: Parks, Trails, and Recreation, Active Living Resource Center
This document stresses the importance of recreation in our everyday lives and the role that parks and trails play in encouraging active lifestyles. It provides indicators to assess your community recreational services. ...more >
document Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents, International City/County Management Association
This guide explains the connections between active living and social equity, provides a toolbox of local government strategies for promoting active living equitably, and highlights notable examples of local initiatives from around the country. ...more >
document Active Living Approaches by Local Government, International City/County Management Association
This paper discusses the results of surveys of local government officials regarding their ability to encourage active living in communities. ...more >
document Active Transportation Policy Issues, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper provides background information on active transportation to facilitate discussion of national active transportation policy and legislation at the Active Transportation Roundtable. ...more >
document Another Look at Germany's Bicycle Boom, World Transport Policy and Practice
This article attempts to determine the reason for the substantial increase in bicycling in Germany since the early 1970s. It considers two potential sources for the increase: urban planning and external social factors. ...more >
document Railbanking Factsheet, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
This fact sheet is resource for community members to use to help maintain rail easements and convert them to public trails. ...more >
document Rails-Trails and Community Sentiment, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
This report examines 125 trails that opened between January 1, 2021 and August 31, 2021 in an effort to accurately depict the level of opposition that trail projects routinely encounter. ...more >
document Rails-Trails and Safe Communities, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, National Park Service
This paper discusses the results of a survey of all rail-trail managers and documents the level of crime on trails and identify the mitigation measures used by trail designers and managers. ...more >
web Planning for Bicyclists, Pedestrians, and Transit Riders, Montana Department of Transportation
Transportation planning strategies to help promote walking, biking, and transit use as well as integrate such travel modes into the local community planning realm provided by the Montana DOT. ...more >
document The Economic Impact of Bicycling in Wisconsin, Governor's Bicycle Coordinating Council, Wisconsin Department of Transportation
This economic overview shows how Wisconsin's investments in bicycling generate significant returns in the form of public health and safety, economic development and job growth. ...more >
web Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking. ...more >
document Relationship Between Urban Sprawl and Physical Activity, Obesity, and Morbidity, American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol 18.1
This ecologic study reveals that urban form could be significantly associated with some forms of physical activity and some health outcomes. ...more >
document The Economic Impact of Investments in Bicycle Facilities, North Carolina Department of Transportation, Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation
This study overview summarizes the results of a study of the economic impacts of bicycle facility investments in the North Carolina Outer Banks conducted in 2003. ...more >
web Center for Livable Communities, Local Government Commission
The Center for Livable Communities helps local governments and community leaders be proactive in their land use and transportation planning, and adopt programs and policies that lead to more livable and resource- ...more >
document Review of Guidelines and Standards for Accommodating Bicycles & Getting Bicycles Through Intersections, Rutgers' Voorhees Transportation Policy Institute
This paper provides a general overview of cycling conditions and facilities used in New Jersey and compares them with conditions and facilities used in various other places where cycling is a more common mode for general travel and commuting. ...more >
document Road Diets: Fixing the Big Roads, Walkable Communities
This paper explores the use of road diets to manage vehicular transportation. ...more >
document Safety in Numbers: More Walkers and Bicyclists, Safer Walking and Bicycling, Injury Prevention
This paper examines the relationship between the numbers of people walking or bicycling and the frequency of collisions between motorists and walkers or bicyclists. ...more >
document City of Bellevue Pedestrian & Bicycle Transportation Plan Report, City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This report contains information on the policies and projects in the Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Facility Plan, and describes the deliberative process that created it. ...more >
web Community Design and Transportation Policies, The Physician and Sports Medicine
This article discusses the benefits of and the challenges to promoting physical activity through urban design. ...more >
document Measuring the Health Effects of Sprawl, Smart Growth America, Surface Transportation Policy Project
This report presents the first national study to show a clear association between the type of place people live and their activity levels, weight, and health. ...more >
document Bicycle Safety Rodeo Manual, Kiwanis Pediatric Trauma Institute
This document describes bicycle rodeos which the Kiwanis Pediatric Trauma Institute believes are a proven way to teach safety skills to children in a fun setting. ...more >
document Travel and Environmental Implications of School Siting, Environmental Protection Agency
"Travel and Environmental Implications of School Siting," released by the EPA on October 8, 2003, is the first study to empirically examine the relationship between school locations, the built environment around schools, ...more >
document Smart Bikes: Public Transportation for the 21st Century, City of Alexandria, Virginia
This paper explains the Public-Use Bicycle (PUB) concept, examines a PUB, and discusses the present and planned applications of the Smart Bike. ...more >
document The Influence of Traffic Calming Devices Upon Fire Vehicle Travel Times, Portland Department of Transportation
The paper presents the results of a research project conducted by the City of Portland to measure the affects of both traffic circles and speed bumps on response times for various types of fire apparatus. ...more >
document Achieving Support for Traffic Mitigation from Elected Officials and Emergency Services, City of Phoenix, Arizona, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This paper discusses techniques for achieving support from neighborhood residents, elected officials, emergency service providers, and more. Also provided is a brief introduction to Phoenix and a description of Phoenix' ...more >
document Environmental Factors Associated with Adults' Participation in Physical Activity., American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This paper provides an overview of the measures that have been used to assess environmental attributes and to review the patterns of environment-behavior associations that have thus far been identified. ...more >
web Second Generation Traffic Calming Project, Creative Communities International
The goal of the book is to give cities and residents new tools to tame traffic that don't interfere with existing measures, particularly around schools and in neighborhoods. ...more >
web Completing the Streets for Transit, National Complete Streets Coalition, Transportation Planning Capacity Building Program
The National Complete Streets Coalition is working to fully integrate multi-modal planning practices into everyday activities at transportation planning agencies. ...more >
document Bicycle Tourism: Texas' Untapped Resource, Texas Bicycle Coalition
This pamphlet describes the ways that bicycling can improve the local economy. ...more >
document Effective Visualization Techniques for the Public Presentation of Transportation Projects, New England Transportation Consortium, University of Connecticut
The purpose of this project was to look at ways to develop more coherent and effective approaches for presenting transportation projects to the public. ...more >
document Bicycling Renaissance in North America?, Transportation Research Part A
This article looks at the potential for growth in bicycling's modal share of trip choice. It considers recent trends in bicycle use in both the USA and Europe and discusses what factors limit further expansion of this transportation mode. ...more >
document Streets for People: Your Guide to Winning Safer and Quieter Streets, Transportation Alternatives
Streets for Poeple is a tool kit of solutions for traffic problems around New York City, which can be applied elsewhere. The document includes information of crashes, highlights case studies, and reviews a number of traffic calming measures. ...more >
multimedia Bike and Pedestrian Projects: Best Practices in New Jersey and Beyond, Transportation Policy Institute
This presentation shows examples of good pedestrian and bicycle design in New Jersey. It discusses the need for pedestrian and bicycle facilities and the impact that walkable designs have on public health. ...more >
web Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Travel, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report summarizes the results of the work performed under the project Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Traffic. ...more >
document Bikeway Planning and Design, California Highway Design
This section of a design manual provides various design information for bikeway planning and design. Topics covered include facility selection, design criteria, design speeds, suface tolerances, and more. ...more >
document Blueprint for Better Biking: 40 Ways to Get There, Bicycle Transportation Alliance
This guide provides innovative solutions to substantially increase cycling in the Portland, Oregon, area. ...more >
web Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper discusses the current and potential problems with automobile dependent societies. ...more >
web The Economic and Social Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
This article investigates the economic and social benefits of multi-use off-road trails. ...more >
document The Economic Benefits of Trails, American Hiking Society
This fact sheet descirbes the economic benefits of trails. It finds that the presence of trails encourages the growth of "clean" industries and businesses, helps increase the property values of surrounding lots, ...more >
document California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking, California Department of Transportation
The California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking provides ambitious goals of a 50 percent increase in bicycling and walking trips by 2010, a 50 percent decrease in bicycle and pedestrian fatality rates by 2010, ...more >
document Transportation-Related Land Use Strategies to Minimize Motor Vehicle Emissions, California Air Resources Board
The report suggests community-level performance goals that can reasonably be attained in urban, suburban and rural/exurban communities by implementing packages of transportation-related land use strategies in coordination with a multimodal transportation system. ...more >
document Trail Intersection Design Handbook, Florida Department of Transportation
This detailed handbook discusses design processes and principles of designing trail/roadway intersections. ...more >
document The Relative Risks of School Travel, Transportation Research Board
This report provides estimates of the relative risk among school travel modes using available information collected at the national level. ...more >
document Traffic Calming Policy Manual, Municipality of Anchorage Traffic Department
This manual provides a toolbox of traffic calming measures, their effectiveness and some basic guidelines for their implementation. ...more >
document Trails and Greenways for Livable Communities, Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
This paper discusses the role of trails in the design and walkability of a community. It looks at ways to combat sprawl with design and notes that trails and greenways act as solutions for better design. ...more >
document Cycling Trends and Policies in Canadian Cities, Rutgers University
This study evalutates bicycling trends and policies in six Canadian cities: Montréal, Québec City, Ottawa, Toronto, Vancouver, and Victoria. ...more >
document Development and Public Health: Could Our Development Patterns Be Affecting Our Personal Health?, Urban Land
This paper looks at the impact that land-use decisions have on public health. ...more >
document Ride your bike! Measures to Promote Cycling in Germany, German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing
Germany's national cycling strategy 2002-2012 aims to promote cycling in Germany as part of a sustainable, integrated transport policy. ...more >
web Neighborhood Site Assessment, Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program
Tool developed by the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program to examine biking and walking conditions on the route to school. ...more >
document Improving Outdoor Bike Parking and Policy in New York City, Transportation Alternatives
This guide information on improving outdoor bike parking and policy in New York City. ...more >
web Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition,
The Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition's mission is to promote bicycling and walking in Vermont, emphasizing access, safety, and education. ...more >
document Estimating Cycling Demand For the Journey to Work or Study in West Edinburgh, Transportation Research Board
This study develops a method to determine the propensity to cycle and provide an estimate of cycling demand in Edinburgh, Scotland, using discrete choice models. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
web City of Boulder, CO Transportation Planning, City of Boulder
The site of the the Transportation Planning Department for the City of Boulder provides information to residents on the City plans and projects, as well as several incident reporting forms. ...more >
document Adversary Bicycle Policies and Their Impact on Urban Transporation in China, Transportation Research Board
This manuscript provides an analysis of the origins of the negative opinions and related policies after presenting a brief review of bicycle development in China. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
document Oaklyn Borough, NJ Pedestrian/Bicycle Study, Borough of Oaklyn, Camden County New Jersey
In this final report, Urbitran Associates, Inc. identifies strategies and recommendations for six locations in order to create adequate facilities for both bicyclists and pedestrians. ...more >
web City of Tallahassee, FL Bike and Pedestrian Program, City of Tallahassee
This site hosts the Tallahassee Bicycle & Pedestrian Plan in addition to offering various other resources. ...more >
document Oriental Boulevard: Bicycle Lane Impacts, New York City Department of Transportation
This report provides the results of a study of traffic patterns before and after bicycle lanes were installed along a section of road in New York City. ...more >
web Montgomery County, MD Pedestrian Safety, Montgomery County
The Montgomery County Pedestrian Safety site details the extensive education campaigns that have been conducted over the past years. Other resources include a safety quiz and tips, local news and events, ...more >
web St. Louis Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, East-West Gateway Council of Governments
The St. Louis Bicycle and Pedestrian Program includes projects to develop a level of service map for bicyclists and a citizen advisory committee. ...more >
document Pathways to Prosperity: The Economy Impact of Investments in Bicycle Facilities, North Carolina Department of Transportation, Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation
This study examines the value of public investment in bicycle facilities and determine the economic benefits accrued in the northern Outer Banks of North Carolina. ...more >
web Wisconsin Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Information, Wisconsin Department of Transportation
This site provides the state bicycle and pedestrian plans, in addition to safety and crash information for citizens and instructors. ...more >
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities in California, California Department of Transportation
The primary purpose of this document is to provide Caltrans staff with a synthesis of information on non-motorized transportation. ...more >
web Northwestern University Traffic Institute, Northwestern University
The Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and Traffic Institute provides information on available courses, training sessions, and conferences. ...more >
document Real Intersection Design, Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University, New Jersey Department of Transportation Office of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs
This report documents a workshop created to deal with poor intersection design in Ocean City. ...more >
document Health Impacts of the Built Environment, Institute of Public Health in Ireland
This review is the third in the series and illustrates how the built environment impacts on health. ...more >
document National Scan of Actions to Address the Relationship between Built Environments, Physical Activity and Obesity, Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada (CDPAC), Public Health Agency of Canada
This report reviews recent literature on health and the built environment, and discusses various related organizations and the resources they offer. ...more >
document Report on Public Health and Urban Sprawl in Ontario, Ontario College of Family Physicians
This report summarizes pertinent information on the relationship between urban sprawl and health. It serves to identify the key issues that are relevant to the growing number of sprawl-related health problems in Ontario which is comparable to US situations and is far worse compared to Europe. ...more >
document Bicycling in Washington, DC: A Call to Action, Washington Area Bicyclist Association
This report highlights needed improvements in six areas to increase bicycling in Washington, D.C. and offers three immediate action items for the District government. ...more >
document The Australian National Cycling Strategy 2005-2010, Austroads, Inc.
This document describes the need for a cycling strategy, identifies six key priorities for improving the state of cycling, and outlines important actions to take to acheive each of those priorities. ...more >
document Bus Stop Style Guide, PPK Environment & Infrastructure
This document is a style guide for bus stops in urban areas in New South Wales. ...more >
document Collection of Cycle Concepts, Danish Road Directorate
"Collection of Cycle Concepts is part of the Danish Ministry of Transport's overall plan for promoting more and safer bicycle traffic. The purpose of the book is to present an overview, inspiration and motivation regarding bicycle traffic. ...more >