Establish Key Design Principles and Procedures

Having an established set of design procedures is important for institutionalizing consideration of nonmotorized travel in planning projects and ensuring proper facility design. The Engineering section describes many design and engineering principles of bicycle and pedestrian facilities. Additionally, many states and cities have already come up with design guides and manuals for bicycle and pedestrian facilities. A few examples include:

  • California: Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities in California, Technical Reference Report (2004) — Caltrans's Technical Reference Report contains a description and discussion of various bicycle and pedestrian facilities and provides drawings, diagrams or photos that enables standard and innovative practices to be easily understood.
  • Seattle Bicycle Master Plan (2007) — The Seattle Bicycle Master Plan defines a set of actions, to be completed within 10 years, to make Seattle the best community for bicycling in the United States. By increasing support for bicycling, the city will make its transportation system more environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable.
  • Davis Bike Plan (2006) — Even the city with the highest level of bike use in the nation still needs a bike plan to keep people riding and improve the scope, operation, and maintenance of the already-extensive bikeway network.
  • Boulder, CO: Transportation Master Plan (2003) — Bicycle planning is fully integrated into the Boulder, CO Transportation Master Plan. The plan outlines modal split targets of 15 percent by bike and 24 percent by foot by 2020 and offers a variety of resources to transportation officials seeking to increase nonmotorized travel.
  • Chapel Hill, NC: Bicycle and Pedestrian Action Plan (2004) — This is a concise, general plan that provides a foundation for future bicycle planning. The plan contains information on policies and guidelines that should be used in planning for future nonmotorized transportation needs. It discusses how to encourage nonmotorized movement, highlighting characteristics and influences on this form of travel. It also addresses the role of the state, MPO, university and private developers in the identification of projects and funding process.
  • Denver Bicycle Master Plan Update (2002) — A comprehensive bicycle plan adopted in 2002 that updates a 1993 plan. Addresses everything from design standards to route networks cost estimates for missing links etc.
  • Florida Bicycle Facilities Planning and Design Handbook (1999) — A detailed manual on bicycle facility planning and development. Thorough coverage of planning factors, design detail and more. It is intended as an aid to engineers, planners, architects, landscape architects, and citizens concerned with the planning and design of bicycle facilities.