A total of 50 engineering, education, and enforcement countermeasures are discussed in this section. The treatments and programs selected for inclusion in this application are those that have been in place for an extended period of time and/or have been proven effective at the time the material for this product was being complied. Since that time, new countermeasures continue to be developed, implemented, and evaluated. Thus, practitioners should not necessarily limit their choices to those included here; this material is a starting point. More information on the latest treatments and programs can be found through many of the Web sites and resources included in this section and the More Info section.

Shared Roadway Shared Roadway:
The goal of an appropriately designed roadway should be to safely and efficiently accommodate all modes of travel, from bicyclists to pedestrians to motorists.

On-Road Bike Facilities On-Road Bike Facilities:
Various kinds of on-road facilities, such as bike lanes, paved shoulders, and wide curb lanes, make bicyclists more comfortable.

Intersection Treatments Intersection Treatments:
Nearly half of all bicycle-motor vehicle crashes occur at intersections or other junctions.

Maintenance Maintenance:
Maintenance of all kinds of bicycle facilities must be planned for and done routinely.

Traffic Calming Traffic Calming:
Traffic calming is a way to design streets, using physical measures, to encourage people to drive more slowly.
Trails/Shared-Use Paths Trails/Shared-Use Paths:
Bike paths or shared-use trails are complementary to the road network and serve recreational, child, and even commuter bicyclists.

Markings, Signs, Signals Markings, Signs, Signals:
Traffic engineers have an arsenal of pavement markings, signs, and signals that can be used to inform, regulate, and warn both motorists and bicyclists.

Education and Enforcement Education and Enforcement:
Education and enforcement are key strategies in increasing bicyclist and motorist awareness and behavior.

Support Facilities and Programs Support Facilities and Programs:
The simple promotion of bicycling is a way to increase the amount of riding in a community.